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Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan (1914–1944) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Khan, Noor-un-Nisa Inayat (1914–1944), special operations officer, was born on 2 January 1914 in Moscow, the eldest of four children of Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882–1927), a Sufi religious teacher and musician, and his wife, Ora Ray Baker (1890–1949). Her father was descended from the last Mughal ...

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Mir Dast (1874–1945) by unknown photographer, 1915 reproduced with the permission of Leeds University Library

Article

Mir Dast (1874–1945), army officer, was born at Maidan, Tirah, in the mountainous North-West Frontier Province of British India, on 3 December 1874. His family were of the Afridi tribe of Pathans, a Muslim people renowned for their hardiness and fighting abilities. Because of their martial qualities, the Pathans of the ...

Article

Nuri al-Said (1888–1958), army officer and prime minister of Iraq, was born in December 1888 in Baghdad, the only son (there were also four daughters) of Said Taha (d. 1904), a minor official in Baghdad's Ottoman government, and his wife, Fatima. The family lived modestly in the northern part of the city, with fellow Arabs (rather than Turks) as neighbours. As a ...

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Tiwana, Sir (Muhammad) Umar Hayat, nawab (1874–1944), landowner and army officer, was born at Kalra, Punjab, on 1 October 1874. He was a member of the class of conservative Muslim landowners whose loyal co-operation was a crucial element in the reconstruction of British rule after the events of 1857–8. His father, ...

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'Urabi ['Arabi], Ahmad Muhammad [Aḣmad Muḣammad 'Urabī; known as Arabi Pasha] (1841–1911), army officer and politician in Egypt, was born on 31 March 1841 (7 Safar 1257 according to the Islamic calendar) in the village of Huriyyah Razna, near the delta town of ...

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Ahmad Muhammad 'Urabi (1841–1911) by unknown engraver, pubd 1882 (after N. Fettel & Co.) © National Portrait Gallery, London