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Beale, (Sarah) Sophia (1837–1920), writer on art and painter, was born on 5 November 1837 in the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the daughter of Lionel John Beale (1796–1871), surgeon, and Frances Smith, née Sheppard (1800–1849). She was the sister of Lionel Smith Beale (1828–1906)...

Article

Eurich, Richard Ernst (1903–1992), painter, was born at 7 Lindum Terrace, Manningham, Bradford, on 14 March 1903, the second child in the family of two sons and three daughters of Frederick William Eurich, bacteriologist, and his wife, Margaret Gwendolyn, née Carter-Squire. His father was a celebrated research bacteriologist for the ...

Article

Foster, (Myles) Birket (1825–1899), painter and illustrator, was born at 2 Rosella Place, North Shields, Northumberland, on 4 February 1825, fifth son of Myles Birket Foster (1785–1861) and his wife, Ann (1790–1884), daughter of Joseph King of Newcastle upon Tyne. Both parents came from prosperous north country families, staunch adherents of the ...

Article

Fry, Roger Eliot (1866–1934), art historian, critic, and painter, was born on 14 December 1866 at 6 The Grove, Highgate, Middlesex, the fifth of the nine children of Sir Edward Fry (1827–1918), judge, and his wife, Mariabella (1833–1930), daughter of John Hodgkin and his wife, ...

Image

Roger Eliot Fry (1866–1934) self-portrait, 1930-34 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Gowing, Sir Lawrence Burnett (1918–1991), painter and art historian, was born on 21 April 1918 at 53 Stamford Hill, London, the son of Horace Burnett Gowing (d. 1944), master draper, and his wife, Clara Louise Lawrence. His grandfather was a treasurer of the ...

Image

Sir Lawrence Burnett Gowing (1918–1991) by Lucian Freud, 1982 © Lucian Freud; private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Heather M. MacLennan

Gray, George (1758–1819), painter, born at Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest of the three sons of Gilbert Gray (1709–1794), a bookbinder and well-known Quaker of that town, and his second wife, whose maiden name was Spence. He was educated at the Royal Free Grammar School...

Article

Howitt [married name Watts], Anna Mary (1824–1884), painter and writer, was born into a Quaker family in Nottingham on 15 January 1824, the eldest of the five surviving children of William Howitt (1792–1879) and Mary Botham (1799–1888) [see Howitt, Mary], both hardworking writers who founded ...

Article

L. H. Cust

revised by Emily M. Weeks

Lucas, Samuel (1805–1870), painter, was born at Hitchin in Hertfordshire, the son of William Lucas, a brewer. He was educated at Hitchin and at a Quaker school in Bristol, and wanted to be an artist, but his Quaker religion at that time forbade an artistic education. He was apprenticed to a shipowner at ...