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Aylesbury, William (bap. 1612, d. 1656), translator and government official, was baptized at St Margaret, Lothbury, London, on 13 July 1612, the eldest son of Sir Thomas Aylesbury, baronet (1579/80–1658), and his wife, Anne Darell, née Denman (1589–1661). On 18 July 1628 he matriculated from ...

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Baker, Robert (1803–1880), surgeon and factory inspector, was born on 15 August 1803 in York, the second son of John Baker, druggist, of High Ousegate, York, and his wife, Hannah. His career shows many parallels with that of the better-known Charles Turner Thackrah...

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Bambridge, Thomas (d. 1741), prison warden, became briefly notorious for the regime of extreme cruelty he inflicted upon the prisoners under his charge. The details of his parentage and childhood are unknown. He practised as a London attorney and had chambers at the ...

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Barker, Dame Lilian Charlotte (1874–1955), prison administrator, was born on 21 February 1874 in Islington, the fifth of seven children and youngest daughter of James Barker, tobacconist, and his wife, Caroline Williams. Educated at the local elementary school, she was trained at Whitelands College, Chelsea...

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Barrett, Edward, Lord Barrett of Newburgh (1581–1644/5), politician and government official, born at Aveley, Essex, on 21 June 1581, was the elder son of Charles Barrett (1555/6–1584) and Christian Mildmay (1557–1627). The main estate at Belhus in Aveley had been held by the family since 1397, but there were also considerable properties in ...

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Barrow, Samuel (1625?–1683), physician and lawyer of the army, was the eldest of the seven children of Samuel Barrow, a lawyer of Burwell, in Cambridgeshire, and his wife, Judith, daughter of George FitzGeffrey of Bedford. Although the exact date and place of his birth are not known, the ...

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Becher, Sir William (bap. 1580, d. 1651), diplomat and government official, was the grandson of a London alderman and the eldest son of William Becher, a London merchant tailor, and Judith Quarles, daughter of another merchant tailor. He was baptized at St Lawrence Jewry, London...

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Bellenden, William, first Lord Bellenden of Broughton (1604/5–1671), Treasury official, was the only son of Sir James Bellenden of Broughton (d. 1606) and his wife, Elizabeth Ker (d. 1656). He succeeded to his father's estates in 1606. Bellenden took the royalist side during the civil wars. Seeking to procure arms, ammunition, and shipping from ...

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Berners, Josias (d. 1661x3), government official, was the son of William Berners, an armigerous London silk merchant, and Katherin Tailbois. His father's family had branches in Essex and Hertfordshire. A great-grandfather was Sir Thomas Courteis, one-time lord mayor of London.

In 1620 Berners...

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Birtwistle, Thomas (1833–1912), trade unionist and factory inspector, was born at Great Harwood, Lancashire, on 16 October 1833, the son of Jonathan Birtwistle, a calico printer, and Ann Birtwistle, a hand-loom weaver. Put to the hand-loom at the age of six, he became a power-loom weaver when he was fourteen and married a fellow weaver, ...