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Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Collingwood, George (c. 1679–1716), Jacobite insurgent, was born in Eslington, Northumberland, the eldest son of William Collingwood (c.1654–1715), gentleman, and Mary (b. 1659), daughter of Sir Richard Forster of Stokesley, second baronet. He held estates at Eslington worth approximately £900...

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Mitchell, James (d. 1678), presbyterian preacher and insurgent, was born and raised in Edinburghshire. He studied at Edinburgh University under the theologian David Dickson and graduated on 9 July 1656. During the 1650s he adhered to the militant wing of the Scottish covenanters, the remonstrants, but his clerical career was less than distinguished, perhaps because he was 'a weak scholar' (...

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Murphy, John (1753–1798), Roman Catholic priest and insurgent leader, was the youngest of four sons and one daughter born to Thomas Murphy and Johanna Whitty of Tincurry, near Ballycarney, co. Wexford. The family were tenant farmers and used their 70 acres of good land to produce grain and cured bacon for the thriving ...

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Needham, Charles, fourth Viscount Kilmorey (c. 1637–1660), nobleman and royalist insurgent, was the elder son of Robert Needham, second Viscount Kilmorey (d. 1653), and his second wife, Eleanor (1596/7–1666), widow of Gilbert Gerard, Lord Gerard of Gerard's Bromley, and daughter of Thomas Dutton...

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Nugent, William (1550–1625), insurgent, was born in Westmeath, probably at Clonin, the younger son of Richard Nugent, fourth Baron Delvin (1522/3–1559), and his wife, Elizabeth (d. in or before 1580), daughter of Jenico Preston, fifth Viscount Gormanston. His father was a member of the Irish council and ...

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Sir Phelim Roe O'Neill (1603–1653) by unknown engraver © National Portrait Gallery, London

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O'Neill, Sir Phelim Roe [Felim Ruadh] (1603–1653), landowner and insurgent, was the eldest son of Tirlough Oge O'Neill (d. 1608), landowner and heir to Sir Henry Oge O'Neill of Kinnard from co. Tyrone, and Catherine, daughter of Tirlough McHenry O'Neill of the ...

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Oxburgh, Henry (d. 1716), Jacobite insurgent, was a member of a Roman Catholic family of Bovin, King's county, Ireland, a cadet branch of the Oxburghs of Emneth, Norfolk. A Hewer Oxburgh (a name common to both English and Irish branches of the family) had almost ...