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Abraham, Gerald Ernest Heal (1904–1988), musicologist, was born on 9 March 1904 in Newport, Isle of Wight, the only child of Ernest Abraham, manufacturer, and his wife, Dorothy Mary Heal, a jeweller's daughter. In spite of his strong musical interests, he planned a naval career, attending a naval crammer in ...

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Allen, Sir Hugh Percy (1869–1946), musicologist and conductor, was born at Reading on 23 December 1869, the youngest of the seven children of John Herbert Allen, who was in business with Huntley and Palmers of Reading. His mother, Rebecca, was the daughter of ...

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Amis, John Preston (1922–2013), music critic and broadcaster, was born on 17 June 1922 in a nursing home at 80 Thurlow Park Road, Dulwich, London, the younger child of James Preston Amis (1886–1980) and his wife, Florence Mary, née Weight (1890–1963). At the time of his birth registration the family lived at ...

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Anderson, Thomas James [Tom] (1910–1991), fiddler and collector of traditional music, was born on 29 August 1910 in the isolated district of Eshaness in Shetland, the eldest of six children of James Anderson, fisherman–crofter, and his wife, Harriet Margaret, née Johnson. His grandfather and uncle taught him to play the fiddle when he was eight. He came under the influence of ...

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Anonymous IV (fl. 1250–1280), music theorist, may have been a monk of Bury St Edmunds. He studied (or at least lived) in Paris, and, like many in contact with contemporary music there, he disseminated knowledge about the new styles when he returned to his native land. His treatise, ...

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Aprahamian, (Apraham) Felix Bartev (1914–2005), music critic and concert organizer, was born on 5 June 1914 at 16 Inderwick Road, Hornsey, London, the son of Avedis Aprahamian, formerly Hovhanessian (b. 1871), carpet dealer, and his wife, Araxie, née Garabedian. His parents were both Armenian immigrants from ...

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(Abraham) Felix Barter Aprahamian (1914–2005) by Pete Wicker © Pete Wicker; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Denis Midgley (1926–1986), musicologist, was born on 15 December 1926 in Sheffield, the only son and younger child of Charles Arnold, company director, and his wife, Bertha Ball. He was educated at High Storrs grammar school in Sheffield, and at Sheffield University...

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W. B. Squire

revised by David J. Golby

Ashley, John James (1771–1815), organist and singing teacher, was born on 6 March 1771 in London, probably at 4 Pimlico Terrace, Chelsea, the second son of John Ashley (c. 1734–1805), a bassoonist and conductor, and his wife, Mary, née Jane (d. 1809)...

Article

Austin, John (b. 1752, d. before 1838), music stenographer and inventor of a power-loom, was born at Craigton, near Glasgow, on 17 April 1752, the son of the gardener to John Baird, esquire. Nothing is known of Austin's early life or education. On 30 May 1777 he married ...