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B. D. Jackson

revised by P. E. Kell

Abel, Clarke (1789–1826), naturalist and surgeon, was born on 5 September 1789, the son of Matthias Abel. After schooling at Merchant Taylors', he was educated for the medical profession and served as a surgeon in Norwich. He is sometimes styled MD but it is not clear if he qualified as such. He accompanied ...

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John Abernethy (1764–1831) by Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1819–20 St Bartholomew's Hospital Archives and Museum. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

Article

Abernethy, John (1764–1831), surgeon, born in Coleman Street, London, on 3 April 1764, was one of the five children of John Abernethy, a merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth Weir from Antrim in Ireland. Abernethy's early education took place at Wolverhampton grammar school, and at the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to ...

Article

Acton, William John (1812/13–1875), surgeon specializing in genito-urinary disorders, was baptized at Shillingstone, Dorset, on 12 May 1814, the second son of Edward Acton (1785/6–1875), curate of the parish, and his wife, Elizabeth (c.1788–1817). He had two brothers, John (who also went into the church) and ...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by J. B. Lyons

Adams, Robert (1794/5–1875), surgeon, was born in Dublin, the son of Samuel Adams, a solicitor, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Filgate. He entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 6 November 1809, at the age of fourteen, and graduated BA in 1814 and MA in 1832; he became MB and MD in 1842. He began the study of medicine by apprenticeship to ...

Article

Adams, William (1820–1900), surgeon, was born on 1 February 1820, the eldest son of James Adams, surgeon, of 39 Finsbury Square, London. He was educated at W. Simpson's private school in Hackney and then at King's College School, London, from 1835 to 1837. He trained at ...

Article

Aikin, Charles Rochemont (1775–1847), surgeon, was born at Warrington, Lancashire, the second son of John Aikin (1747–1822), physician, author, and religious dissenter, and Martha Jennings (c.1746–1830); he was the grandson of John Aikin (1713–1780), and brother of Lucy Aikin (1781–1864) and ...

Article

B. D. Jackson

revised by James Mills

Ainslie, Sir Whitelaw (1767–1837), surgeon, the son of Robert Ainslie (1734–1795) and Catharine Whitelaw, and brother of Robert Ainslie (1766–1838), was born on 17 February 1767 at Duns, Berwickshire, where his father was factor to Lord Douglas. He was nominated assistant surgeon in the ...

Article

Aird, Ian (1905–1962), surgeon, was born on 4 July 1905 at Belgrave Terrace, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the first of two sons of William Aird (b. 1872), master tailor, and his wife, Jean Elizabeth Ogle (formerly Binnie). Both parents were lowland Scots, the father's forebears from ...

Article

J. F. Payne

revised by Michael Bevan

Aitkin, John (d. 1790), surgeon, the date of whose birth is not recorded, must have studied medicine at Edinburgh, where he became a member of the College of Surgeons in 1770. In 1779 he is described as surgeon and lecturer on surgery in ...