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Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

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Beckett, Arnold Heyworth (1920–2010), pharmacologist, was born at Rose Lea, Woodland Grove, Blackpool, Lancashire, on 12 February 1920, the son of Ernest Heyworth Beckett (1891–1974), pharmacist, and his wife, Edith, née Duckworth. He was educated at Baines Grammar School in Poulton-le-Fylde. He tried to join the ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham, an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of James Hunt. He received a year's schooling before becoming a shepherd's boy at the age of eight. For the next twelve years as a shepherd, he educated himself and acquired herbal lore. From 1840 onwards he undertook casual work at ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by J. K. Crellin

Bentley, Robert (1821–1893), botanist and pharmacognosist, was born at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, on 25 March 1821, the son of William Bentley, solicitor, and his wife, Jane. He was apprenticed to William Maddock, a druggist at Tunbridge Wells, where he began the study of botany. He then became assistant to the chemists ...

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Sir James Whyte Black (1924–2010) by Martin Yeoman, 1994 © Martin Yeoman; National Portrait Gallery, London

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Black, Sir James Whyte (1924–2010), pharmacologist, was born on 14 June 1924 at Thirlwall, Sheepburn Road, Uddingston, Lanarkshire, the fourth of five sons of Walter Black, miner, and his wife, Catherine Reid, née Whyte. His father subsequently qualified as a mining engineer and became a colliery manager in ...

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Blaschko, Hugh [formerly Karl Felix Hermann] (1900–1993), biochemist and pharmacologist, was born on 4 January 1900 in Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, the only son and second of the three children of Alfred Blaschko (1858–1922), dermatologist and venereologist, and his wife, Johanna (1873–1943), daughter of ...

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Bostock, John (1772–1846), physician and medicinal chemist, was born in Liverpool, the son of John Bostock (1744?–1774), a physician, and Elizabeth (1749–1819), youngest daughter of John Ashton of Liverpool, who later married the Unitarian minister John Yates (1755–1826). He grew up in Liverpool...

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Browne, John Collis (1819–1884), physician and manufacturer of patent medicine, was born on 18 June 1819 at Maidstone in Kent, and baptized at the church of All Saints with St Philip in that town. His parents were Captain William Browne of the 13th light dragoons...

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Brunton, Sir Thomas Lauder, first baronet (1844–1916), physician and pharmacologist, the third son of James Brunton (1781–1863), and his second wife, Agnes (1805/6–1848), daughter of John Stenhouse of White Lee, was born at Hiltonshill, Roxburghshire, on 14 March 1844. Educated privately, he entered the ...