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Alsop [Alsopp], Thomas (d. 1558), apothecary, is thought to have been connected with the Alsop family of Alsop (now Alsop-en-le-Dale) chapelry in Ashbourne, Derbyshire, but his parentage remains unknown; and, although Alsops from Alsop were living in London during the sixteenth century, no link with ...

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Anderson, Patrick (1579/80–c. 1660), physician and manufacturer of patent medicines, was born in Scotland. By 1618, when his first work appeared, he was already an established physician in Edinburgh; the book, about the cold spring of Kinghorn Craig in the Firth of Forth...

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Battley, Richard (bap. 1772, d. 1856), apothecary and manufacturing chemist, was baptized on 26 September 1772 at Wakefield, Yorkshire, the second son of John Battley, an architect of local repute, and his wife, Ruth Gledhill. After attending Wakefield grammar school, he was privately trained for medicine by a doctor in the town. He then moved to ...

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Beckett, Arnold Heyworth (1920–2010), pharmacologist, was born at Rose Lea, Woodland Grove, Blackpool, Lancashire, on 12 February 1920, the son of Ernest Heyworth Beckett (1891–1974), pharmacist, and his wife, Edith, née Duckworth. He was educated at Baines Grammar School in Poulton-le-Fylde. He tried to join the ...

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Beecham, Thomas (1820–1907), manufacturer of patent medicines, was born at Curbridge, Oxfordshire, on 3 December 1820, the eldest of three sons and four daughters of Joseph Beecham, an agricultural labourer, and his wife, Sarah, daughter of James Hunt. He received a year's schooling before becoming a shepherd's boy at the age of eight. For the next twelve years as a shepherd, he educated himself and acquired herbal lore. From 1840 onwards he undertook casual work at ...

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Bell, Jacob (1810–1859), pharmacist and politician, was born on 5 March 1810 at 338 Oxford Street, London, the eldest surviving son of John Bell (1774–1849), pharmacist, and his wife, Eliza (d. 1839), daughter of Frederick Smith, pharmacist of the Haymarket, London, and his wife, ...

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G. S. Boulger

revised by J. K. Crellin

Bentley, Robert (1821–1893), botanist and pharmacognosist, was born at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, on 25 March 1821, the son of William Bentley, solicitor, and his wife, Jane. He was apprenticed to William Maddock, a druggist at Tunbridge Wells, where he began the study of botany. He then became assistant to the chemists ...

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Bernard, Francis (bap. 1628, d. 1698), apothecary and physician, one of at least nine children of Samuel Bernard (1590/91–1657), vicar of Croydon, Surrey, and his wife, Elizabeth (1608/9–1705), was baptized at St John the Baptist, Croydon, on 28 September 1628. He was bound apprentice to ...

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Bevan, Silvanus (1691–1765), apothecary, was born in Swansea on 28 October 1691, the second son of Silvanus Bevan (1661–1727) and his wife, Jane, née Phillips. The descendant of influential and prosperous Welsh Quakers (his grandfather had been a Swansea alderman and a merchant), ...

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Bewley, William (1726–1783), surgeon apothecary and writer, was a native of Massingham, in Norfolk, where he was born on 5 September 1726. He practised as a surgeon apothecary in Great Massingham, but is better known for his contribution, which spanned twenty years, of articles and reviews to the ...