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Gregory, George (1790–1853), physician and vaccinator, was born on 16 August 1790 in the precincts of Canterbury Cathedral, second son of the Revd William Gregory, one of the six preachers there, and his wife, Catharine Sayer. Gregory received his early education at the ...

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Edward Jenner (1749–1823) by James Northcote, 1803 [completed 1823] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jenner, Edward (1749–1823), surgeon and pioneer of smallpox vaccination, was born on 17 May 1749 at the vicarage, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, the fourth son and eighth of nine children of the Revd Stephen Jenner (1702–1754), vicar of Berkeley, and his wife, Sarah (1709–1754), daughter of the ...

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Jesty, Benjamin (bap. 1736, d. 1816), farmer and vaccinator, was born in Yetminster, Dorset, and baptized there on 19 August 1736, the youngest of at least four sons of Robert Jesty, butcher. Little else is known of his early life. In March 1770 he married ...

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Ring, John (bap. 1752, d. 1821), surgeon and vaccinator, was born in Wincanton, Somerset, and baptized on 21 August 1752, the son of Richard Ring. Nothing is known of the family beyond that they were people of some position. Certainly, they were able to provide their son with a good education. ...

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Sutton, Daniel (1735–1819), smallpox inoculator, was born on 4 May 1735 in Kenton, Suffolk, the second of eight sons (there were also three daughters) of Robert Sutton (bap. 1708, d. 1788), surgeon, apothecary, and inoculator, and his wife, Sarah Barker of Debenham. He trained under and worked for his father until about 1760. He then became an assistant to an ...

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Sutton, Robert (bap. 1708, d. 1788), surgeon, apothecary, and smallpox inoculator, was baptized in Kenton, Suffolk, on 12 February 1708, the son of Robert Sutton, gentleman. He was apprenticed in September 1726 to John Turner of Debenham, Suffolk, apothecary. In October 1731, shortly after completing his apprenticeship, he married ...

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Walker, John (1759–1830), vaccinator and writer, was born on 31 July 1759 at Cockermouth, Cumberland, one of the several children of a blacksmith and ironmonger. He was educated at the free grammar school in the town and was intended for an artistic career. However, plans for an apprenticeship were abandoned and he spent five years in his father's business, engraving ornamental metalwork. During this time he received some training in drawing. In 1779 ...

Article

Williamson, John [nicknamed Johnny Notions] (c. 1730–c. 1796), smallpox inoculator, was the son of Andrew Williamson; otherwise his parentage and place of birth are obscure. From the late 1740s at least, Williamson lived at Hamnavoe, Esha Ness, in the north-west of the ...