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Applebey, Mary Frances (1916–2012), civil servant and mental health campaigner, was born on 14 July 1916 at Leyden House, Mortlake, Surrey, the elder daughter and eldest of three children of Malcolm Percival Applebey (1884–1957), chemistry tutor at St John's College, Oxford, and later research manager at ...

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Argyle, (John) Michael (1925–2002), social psychologist, was born on 11 August 1925 at 2 First Avenue, Sherwood Rise, Nottingham, the only child of George Edgar Argyle, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Phyllis, née Hawkins-Ambler, both of whom died when he was eleven years old. He was educated at ...

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Arnold, Thomas (c. 1742–1816), physician and mad-doctor, was born about 1742 in Leicester, the second son of William Arnold (c.1695–c.1770), a baker, who was also an eminent local Anabaptist and mad-house proprietor, and his wife, Sarah, née Freer (...

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Ashburne, John (bap. 1607, d. 1661), Church of England clergyman and madhouse keeper, was the son of Robert Ashburne of Crowle, Lincolnshire, where he was baptized on 19 July 1607. Ashburne matriculated sizar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1625; he graduated BA and was ordained deacon at ...

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Bain, Alexander (1818–1903), psychologist, was born on 11 June 1818, the second child of eight of George Bain, an impoverished Calvinist weaver of Aberdeen, and his wife, Margaret Paul. Bain left school at the age of eleven but, via evening classes at the mechanics' institute and adolescent autodidactic labours, he gained entrance to ...

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Alexander Bain (1818–1903) by Macmahon, 1892 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bakewell, Thomas (1761–1835), mad-doctor and poet, was born on 1 June 1761 at Kingstone, near Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire. He was raised by his maternal grandfather, John Chadwick, who kept a private mad-house at Grindon in the Peak District. Chadwick moved to Ashbourne in ...

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Balint, Michael Maurice [formerly Mihaly Bergsmann] (1896–1970), psychoanalyst, was born on 3 December 1896 in Baross Street, Jozsefvaros, a residential section of Budapest, Hungary. He was the first of the two children of Ignac Bergsmann, a general medical practitioner. Both his parents were descendants of German Jewish families who had been fully assimilated Hungarians for only two or three generations. He later changed his name to ...

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Michael Maurice Balint (1896–1970) by Dr Edward H. Stein private collection

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D. E. Broadbent

revised by Hugh Series

Bartlett, Sir Frederic Charles (1886–1969), psychologist, was born in Stow on the Wold, Gloucestershire, on 20 October 1886, the second son of William Bartlett, master bootmaker, and his wife, Temperance Matilda Howman. He was educated at home in his teens, his health being thought too poor, following an attack of pleurisy, for him to go away to school. This apparent handicap allowed him to read very widely, and to spend time walking in the ...