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Article

W. P. Courtney

revised by J. M. Tiffany

Adams [later Rawson], Sir William (1783–1827), oculist, was born at Stanbury, Morwenstow, Cornwall, on 5 December 1783, the youngest son of Henry Adams (d. 1811) and his wife, Demaris (1736/7–1788), daughter of Simon and Anne Cottle. He bore the name Adams...

Article

Anderson, Tempest (1846–1913), ophthalmic surgeon and vulcanologist, was born on 7 December 1846 at 17 Stonegate, York, the elder son and eldest of the three children of William Charles Anderson, surgeon of York, and his wife, Sarah Ellen Hall. Educated at St Peter's School, York...

Image

Richard Banister (c. 1570–1626) by unknown artist, c. 1620 reproduced by kind permission of the President and Council of the Royal College of Surgeons of London

Article

Banister, Richard (c. 1570–1626), oculist, whose precise date and place of birth are unknown, was the son of Gabriel Banister. He was one of four brothers, two of whom died early, all apprenticed to surgeons or barber–surgeons. His grandfather was John Banister of ...

Article

Bier, Norman (1925–2009), optometrist and contact lens specialist, was born Norbert Bier on 28 February 1925 in Munich, Germany, the elder son of Marcus Bier (1895–1968), jeweller, and his wife, Henna Necha (Helen), née Buch (1897–1970). His brother Manfred (b. 1930) became an accountant. Educated initially in ...

Article

Bowman, Sir William, first baronet (1816–1892), ophthalmic surgeon and anatomist, was born at Sweetbriar Hall, Hospital Street, Nantwich, Cheshire, on 20 July 1816, the third of the four sons (there was one daughter) of John Eddowes Bowman the elder (1785–1841), a banker as well as botanist and fellow of the ...

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Sir William Bowman, first baronet (1816–1892) by George Frederic Watts, 1865 private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Briggs, William (c. 1650–1704), physician and oculist, born at Norwich, was the second of the seven sons (there was one daughter) of Elizabeth Aldrige and Augustine Briggs (c.1618–1684). The family was prominent in Norwich; Augustine Briggs served as alderman and mayor, and was MP for the city on four occasions. ...

Image

William Briggs (c. 1650–1704) by John Faber junior, 1738 (after Robert White, 1697) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

[Anon.]

revised by Hugh Series

Butter, John (1791–1877), ophthalmic surgeon, was born at Woodbury, near Exeter, Devon, on 22 January 1791. He was educated at Exeter grammar school, before studying at the Devon and Exeter Hospital. He obtained the MD degree at Edinburgh in 1820, and was elected a fellow of the ...