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John Gerard (c. 1545–1612) by William Rogers, 1598 © Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Gerard, John (c. 1545–1612), herbalist, was born at Nantwich, Cheshire, of unknown parentage; his family was possibly connected with the Gerards of Ince, as indicated by the coat of arms he used in his Herball. He went to school at Willaston, 2 miles...

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Griffith, Anne (1734–1821), practitioner of folk medicine, was born at Aberdaron, 14 miles south west of Pwllheli, Caernarvonshire. Nothing is known of her parents or her childhood and it is most probable that she never had any formal education. But her work as a herbalist has been kept for posterity through the efforts of a local historian, ...

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Leyel [née Wauton], Hilda Winifred Ivy [known as Mrs C. F. Leyel] (1880–1957), herbalist, was born in London on 6 December 1880, the daughter of Edward Brenton Wauton, from 1881 an assistant master at Uppingham School, and his wife, Elizabeth Anne Drewitt...

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Parkinson, John (1566/7–1650), apothecary and herbalist, was apprenticed from Christmas 1585 for eight years to a London apothecary, Francis Slater, a member of the Grocers' Company; he gained his freedom in 1593. Like many apothecaries in the Grocers' Company, Parkinson felt the importance of his work was given insufficient recognition and that he and others had not enough power within the company. Consequently he supported those who wished to form their own separate company, and joined the ...

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Stone, Edward (1702–1768), Church of England clergyman and discoverer of the active ingredient in aspirin, was born in Lacey Green, Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire, on 5 November 1702, the only son of Edward Stone (d. 1740×42), yeoman, and his first wife, Elizabeth Reynolds (...