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Article

[Anon.]

revised by Alastair W. Massie

Bell, John (1746/7–1798), army officer and inventor, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Carlisle, the eldest son of William Bell, hatter, of Botchergate, Carlisle. He was baptized at St Cuthbert's Church on 22 February 1747. After working in the family business, ...

Article

Blacker, (Latham Valentine) Stewart (1887–1964), soldier and inventor of armaments, was born on 1 October 1887 at The Beeches, Grappenhall, near Warrington, Cheshire, the son of Major Latham Charles Miller Blacker who came of a soldiering family, and his wife, Emily Violet Mattie...

Article

Blood, Holcroft (c. 1657–1707), army officer and military engineer, the third son of Colonel Thomas Blood (1617/18–1680) and his wife, Mary (fl. 1650–1670), the daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel John Holcroft of Holcroft, Lancashire, was born in Sarney, co. Meath, Ireland. In 1672, unknown to his father, he enlisted in the navy and served during the Third Dutch War. Later, under the false name ...

Article

Bodley, Sir Josias (c. 1550–1617), soldier and military engineer, was born in Exeter, the fifth and youngest son of John Bodley (c. 1520–1591), merchant and later publisher, and his wife, Joan, née Hone (d. 1586). His brothers included the more celebrated Sir Thomas Bodley (1545–1613)...

Article

Boxall, Sir Charles Gervaise (1851–1914), army officer and promoter of rail-mounted artillery, was born on 30 August 1851 at Delves House, Ringmer, Sussex, the second son of William Percival Boxall JP, of Cowfold, Sussex, and his wife, Caroline Money. Educated privately, then at ...

Article

Champain, Sir John Underwood Bateman- (1835–1887), army officer and engineer in the East India Company, second son of Colonel Agnew Champain (d. 1876), of the 9th foot, was born in Gloucester Place, London, on 22 July 1835. Educated at Cheltenham College and for a short time in fortification and military drawing at the private ...

Article

Debbieg, Hugh (1731/2–1810), military engineer and army officer, was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich (1742–6). Nothing is known of his parentage and birthplace. His ability was manifest at an early age, and he advanced rapidly in the Royal Artillery, becoming matross on 1 April 1742, cadet in May 1744, and cadet gunner in April 1745. During September and October 1746 he served as an engineer in the futile expedition against ...

Article

H. M. Stephens

revised by Jonathan Spain

Desaguliers, Thomas (1721–1780), army officer and military engineer, was born on 5 January 1721, and baptized on 20 January at St Margaret's, Westminster, the fourth (but second surviving) son of John Theophilus Desaguliers (1683–1744), natural philosopher and engineer, and his wife, Joanna Pudsey (1690×95–1753)...

Article

H. M. Chichester

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Frazer, Andrew (1739?–1792), army officer and military engineer, was the son of George Frazer, a deputy surveyor of excise in Scotland, and was probably the Andrew Frazer born on 18 March 1739 in St Cuthbert's parish, Edinburgh, the son of George Frazer...

Article

Freeburn, James (1808–1876), army officer and inventor of shell fuses, was born in the parish of St Cuthbert's, Midlothian. At an early age he was apprenticed to a baker. At the age of seventeen he enlisted in the 7th battalion of the Royal Artillery...