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Anderson, Sir John (1814–1886), inventor of ordnance manufacture machinery and arsenal manager, was born at Woodside, near Aberdeen, on 9 December 1814, the posthumous child of a local merchant, J. Anderson, and his wife, Helen Hosie. His mother remarried and his stepfather, Irvine Kempt...

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Anderson, Sir William (1835–1898), director-general of the Royal Ordnance factories, was born in St Petersburg on 5 January 1835, the fourth son of John Anderson, a member of the firm of Matthews, Anderson & Co., bankers and merchants of St Petersburg, and his wife, ...

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Armstrong, William George, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900), armaments manufacturer and industrialist, was born on 26 November 1810 at 9 Pleasant Row, Shieldfield, Newcastle upon Tyne, the second child and only son of William Armstrong (1778–1857), corn merchant and local politician, of Tyneside...

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William George Armstrong, Baron Armstrong (1810–1900) by W. & D. Downey, pubd 1890 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baude [Bawd, Bawood], Peter (d. 1546), gun-founder, is thought to have been born in France, but nothing is known of his origins or family circumstances. It is said he came to Britain as early as 1509 but the first official reference to him is as a 'gunner' at the ...

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Browne, John (c. 1590–1651), gun-founder, was born in Chiddingstone, Kent, the son of Thomas Browne, founder of iron ordnance to Elizabeth I and James I. He joined his father's thriving business, although not apprenticed in iron making, and took over Thomas's patent in 1615. The ...

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Godfrey John Boyle Chetwynd, eighth Viscount Chetwynd (1863–1936) by Walter Stoneman, 1924 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chetwynd, Godfrey John Boyle, eighth Viscount Chetwynd (1863–1936), munitions manufacturer, was born in Mundersley, Norfolk on 3 October 1863, the second son of Henry Weyland Chetwynd (1829–1893), and his wife, Julia Bosville née Davidson (1823–1901). His father, the third son of the sixth Viscount Chetwynd in the Irish peerage...

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Dawson, Sir (Arthur) Trevor, first baronet (1866–1931), armaments manufacturer, was born on 1 May 1866 at Dalkeith House, Richmond, Surrey, son of Hugh Dawson (1836–1884), landowner and barrister, and his wife, formerly Mary Ann Chaffer. Trevor Dawson (as he was always known) became a naval cadet in 1879 and was educated at the ...

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Falkner, John Meade (1858–1932), armaments manufacturer and writer, was born on 8 May 1858, at Manningford Bruce, Vale of Pewsey, Wiltshire, second but eldest surviving of the four sons (there were also two daughters) of Thomas Alexander Falkner (1819–1887), a penurious curate, and his wife, ...