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Biffen, Sir Rowland Harry (1874–1949), geneticist and agricultural botanist, was born on 28 May 1874 at Cheltenham, the eldest of the family of two boys and three girls of Henry John Biffen, headmaster of the Christ Church higher grade school at Cheltenham, and his wife, ...

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J. L. Harley

revised by Paolo Palladino

Blackman, Geoffrey Emett (1903–1980), agricultural scientist, was born on 17 April 1903 at 58 Scarsdale Villas, Kensington, London. He was the eldest of the three children of the cytologist and plant physiologist Vernon Herbert Blackman (1872–1967), then an assistant in the British Museum (Natural History)...

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Blaxter, Sir Kenneth Lyon (1919–1991), animal nutritionist, was born at Egbert House, Wroxham Road, Sprowston, Norfolk, on 19 June 1919, the son of Gaspard Culling Blaxter, a handicraft teacher who ran a smallholding, and his wife, Charlotte Ellen, née Lyon. He was educated at the ...

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Brenchley, Winifred Elsie (1883–1953), agricultural botanist, was born on 10 August 1883 in London, the only child of William Brenchley, a Camberwell schoolmaster who was once mayor of the borough, and Elizabeth Beckett. She was educated at James Allen's Girls' School in Dulwich...

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Bunting, Arthur Hugh (1917–2002), crop scientist, was born on 7 September 1917 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Sidney Percival Bunting (1873–1936), solicitor, and his wife, Rebecca, née Notlowitz, a Jewish émigrée from Russia. His great-great-grandfather was ...

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Frankel, Sir Otto Herzberg (1900–1998), agricultural scientist, was born on 4 November 1900 in Vienna, Austria, the third of four sons of Ludwig Herzberg-Frankel, lawyer, and his wife, Thérèse, née Sommerstein, daughter of a Galician estate-owning family. His paternal grandfather, an author, adopted the hyphenated name ...

Article

Ernest Clarke

revised by A. E. Johnston

Gilbert, Sir Joseph Henry (1817–1901), agricultural chemist, was born on 1 August 1817, in Hull, Yorkshire, one of the seven children of Joseph Gilbert, Congregationalist minister, and his wife, Ann Gilbert, known as Ann Taylor (1782–1866) [see under Taylor, Jane], a successful children's writer. In 1825 the family moved to ...

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Guthrie, Frederick (1833–1886), chemist and physicist, was born on 15 October 1833 in Bayswater, London, youngest of the six children of Alexander Guthrie, a tailor. Francis Guthrie, who distinguished himself as a mathematician in South Africa, was an older brother. Guthrie's early interest in chemistry was stimulated by ...

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See Guthrie, Frederick

Article

Hall, Sir (Alfred) Daniel (1864–1942), agricultural educationist and researcher, was born on 22 June 1864 at 44 Milnrow Road, Rochdale, Lancashire, the eldest of the five children of Edwin Hall (1835–1918), flannel manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann Billett (d. 1888), daughter of ...