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Balfour, John, of Kinloch (fl. 1663–1683), covenanter, was the son of John Balfour (d. c.1652), portioner of Kinloch, in the parish of Collessie, and his wife, Grissel Hay (d. c.1653). Served heir to his grandfather Robert Balfour on 26 February 1663, he was described as a 'broad man' with 'farid dusk brown hair' (...

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Cargill, Donald [Daniel] (c. 1627–1681), field preacher and insurgent, was born at the farmhouse of Nether Cloquhat, Perthshire, the son of Lawrence Cargill (d. 1657), smallholder of Nether Cloquhat, and later notary at Rattray, and his wife, Marjory Blair. Initially destined for a career in the law ...

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Clark, William (1568–1603), Roman Catholic priest and conspirator, was born about June 1568, the son of John and Helen Clark. He was born and raised at Walsall, Staffordshire, where his father was master of the grammar school. Clark attended the English College, then at ...

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Gordon, Alexander, of Earlston (1650–1726), covenanter and conspirator, was the eldest son of William Gordon of Earlston (1614–1679) and Mary (d. 1697), second daughter of Sir John Hope of Craighall, Fife. He had twelve siblings, most of whom died young with the exception of ...

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Hackston [Halkerstoune], David, of Rathillet (d. 1680), covenanter, was a son of James Halkerstoune of Hilcairney. He had one sister and a brother, William, minister of Cleish from about 1678 to 1690. He was entered as heir to his father in March 1670 and is described as a 'tall slender man black harid and black vissaged' (...

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Hamilton, Sir Robert, of Preston, second baronet (1650–1701), covenanter, was the younger son of Sir Thomas Hamilton of Preston and Fingalton (d. 1672) and his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir James Hamilton of Preston. Sir Thomas had fought for Charles II...

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Hume, Alexander (d. 1682), covenanter leader, was a 'portioner' of Hume, Berwickshire. The precise identity of his parents is unknown, but he had at least one brother—George—who was imprisoned in 1690 for publishing anti-government literature. There is no record of Alexander's...

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King, John (d. 1679), covenanter field preacher and martyr, of whose early life nothing is known, first appears among that group of ministers who refused to acquiesce in the re-establishment of the prelacy in the Scottish church after 1662. Unable to secure the tenure of a parish, he was protected from the authorities by his patron ...

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Lindsay, Sir Walter, of Balgavie (d. 1605), Roman Catholic conspirator, was the third son of Sir David Lindsay of Edzell, afterwards ninth earl of Crawford (d. 1558), and his second wife, Katherine (d. 1578), daughter of Sir John Campbell of Lorn...

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Morgan, Thomas (b. 1543, d. in or after 1611), Roman Catholic conspirator, came from south Wales and is believed to have been the son of John Morgan of Basaleg (d. 1568), a scion of the Tredegar house. He had two brothers, Rowland...