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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Butler, Richard (1743–1791), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 1 April 1743 in St Bridget's parish, Dublin, the son of Thomas Butler, supposedly the son of a baron, possibly Thomas Butler, sixth Baron Cahir, and Eleanor Parker. He and his family emigrated to ...

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Clark, George Rogers (1752–1818), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 19 November 1752 in Albemarle county, Virginia, one of ten children of John Clark (d. 1799), planter, and his wife and cousin Ann Rogers (d. 1799). His parents were of Scottish ancestry, descended from settlers who arrived in ...

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George Rogers Clark (1752–1818) by Matthew Harris Jouett?, c. 1825 Collection Filson Club, Louisville, Kentucky

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Gates, Horatio (1727?–1806), revolutionary army officer, was the son of Robert Gates (d. 1766), a Thames waterman, and his wife, Dorothy Reeve (d. 1768), housekeeper to Peregrine Osborne, second duke of Leeds. The circumstances of his birth remain controversial: even the date is uncertain, and while his birthplace is traditionally given as ...

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Nathanael Greene (1742–1786) by Charles Willson Peale, 1783 Independence National Historical Park

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Greene, Nathanael (1742–1786), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 27 July 1742 in Warwick, Rhode Island, the son of Nathanael Greene senior, co-owner of an ironworks, and Mary, née Mott. Greene's father, a man of some means, did not believe in extensive formal education. So at a relatively early age ...

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Heath, William (1737–1814), revolutionary army officer in America, was born on 13 March 1737 in Roxbury, Massachusetts, the son of Samuel Heath, farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth Payson. He received little formal education, securing the rudiments from his parents. He chose farming as an occupation. On 19 April 1759 he married ...

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Howe, Robert (1732–1786), politician and revolutionary army officer in America, was born on the rice plantation belonging to his father, Job Howe (d. 1748), in New Hanover county, North Carolina, beside the Cape Fear River. His family was a branch of the distinguished ...

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Irvine, William (1741–1804), army officer and revolutionary politician in America, was born on 3 November 1741 near Enniskillen, co. Fermanagh; details of his parents, who originally came from Scotland, are unknown. He was educated at Enniskillen grammar school and may have studied medicine at ...