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W. B. Owen

revised by R. S. Simpson

Bendall, Cecil (1856–1906), Sanskritist, was born on 1 July 1856 in Islington, London, the youngest son in a family of six sons and three daughters of Robert Smith Bendall (d. 1863/4), a tradesman in London, and his wife, Elizabeth Kay, daughter of ...

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Burnell, Arthur Coke (1840–1882), Sanskritist and expert on southern Indian language and literature, was born at St Briavels, Gloucestershire, on 11 July 1840, the eldest son of Arthur Burnell, of the East India Company's marine service and great-nephew of Sir W. Coke, chief justice of ...

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Griffith, Ralph Thomas Hotchkin (1826–1906), Sanskritist and translator, born at Corsley, Wiltshire, on 25 May 1826, was the son of Robert Clavey Griffith (1792–1844), rector of Corsley (1815–44) and of Fifield Bavant, also in Wiltshire (1825–44), and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Adderly, daughter of ...

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Keith, Arthur Berriedale (1879–1944), Sanskritist and jurist, was born on 5 April 1879 at 3 Abercorn Terrace, Portobello, Edinburgh, the fourth of six talented children and the third son of Davidson Keith (1842–1921), advertising agent, and Margaret Stobie Keith, née Drysdale (1851–1911). His father came from a ...

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Kennedy, Vans (1783–1846), army officer and Sanskrit and Persian scholar, was born at Pinmore in the parish of Ayr, Scotland, the youngest son of Robert Kennedy of Pinmore and his wife, Robina, daughter of John Vans of Barnbarroch, Wigtownshire, who on marrying his cousin assumed the name of ...

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Krishnavarma, Shyamji (1857–1930), Sanskrit scholar and Indian nationalist, was born on 30 October 1857 in the town of Mandvi in the Kutch district of western Gujarat, the son of a cotton press labourer, Karsan Nakhua, and his wife, Gomatibai, of the Bhanushali community. After his mother's death in 1868 he was brought up by his grandmother, and was educated to high school level in ...

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F. W. Thomas

revised by Elizabeth Tucker

Macdonell, Arthur Anthony (1854–1930), Sanskritist, was born on 11 May 1854 at Muzaffarpur in Tirhut, north Bihar, India, the elder son of Colonel Alexander Anthony Macdonell (1822–1870), of the 40th Bengal native infantry, and his wife, Margaret Jane Lachlan (b. 1831), of the ...

Article

Muir, John (1810–1882), Sanskritist, was born at Glasgow on 5 February 1810, the eldest son of William Muir (1783–1820), a merchant of Kilmarnock and magistrate of Glasgow, and his wife, Helen Macfie (1784–1866). He was an elder brother of the Indian administrator and principal of ...

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Friedrich Max Müller (1823–1900) by George Frederic Watts, 1894–5 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Müller, Friedrich Max (1823–1900), Sanskritist and philologist, was born on 6 December 1823 in Dessau, the capital of the small duchy of Anhalt-Dessau in Germany, the only son of the popular lyric poet Willhelm Müller (1794–1827), and his wife, Adelheid (1799?–1883), elder daughter of ...