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Abudacnus, Josephus (fl. 1595–1643), scholar of oriental languages, was born in Cairo. His parents were Copts, his father probably connected with the Ottoman administration. His Arabic name, Yusuf ibn Abu Dhaqn, was Latinized as Josephus Abudacnus (or Barbatus). In 1595, after a rudimentary education in ...

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Arberry, Arthur John (1905–1969), orientalist, was born at 37 Beeston Street, Buckland, Portsmouth, on 12 May 1905, fourth of the five children of William Arberry, signal boatswain in the Royal Navy, and his wife, Sarah Ann Bailey. Arberry won a scholarship to Portsmouth grammar school...

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J. S. Cotton

revised by Parvin Loloi

Arbuthnot, Forster Fitzgerald (1833–1901), orientalist, was born at Belgaum, Bombay, India, on 21 May 1833, the second son of Sir Robert Keith Arbuthnot, second baronet, and his wife, Anne, daughter of Field Marshal Sir John Forster Fitzgerald (1784/5–1877). He was educated privately on the continent, at ...

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H. A. R. Gibb

revised by Christine Woodhead

Arnold, Sir Thomas Walker (1864–1930), orientalist, was born at 1 Fore Street, Devonport, Devon, on 19 April 1864, the third son of Frederick Arnold, an ironmonger, and his wife, Matilda Christiana Sweet. He was educated first at Plymouth high school, then from 1880 at the ...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Parvin Loloi

Atkinson, James (1780–1852), orientalist, was born in the county of Durham on 9 March 1780. After studying medicine at Edinburgh and London, he accepted the post of medical officer on board an East Indiaman. In 1805 he was appointed an assistant surgeon in the ...

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Janette Ryan

Baber, Edward Colborne (1843–1890), orientalist and traveller, the son of Edward Baber and a great-nephew of Henry Hervey Baber, was born at Dulwich on 30 April 1843. He was educated at Rossall junior school where his father was headmaster, and from 1853 to 1862 at ...

Article

Babington, Benjamin Guy (1794–1866), physician and orientalist, the fourth son of the physician and mineralogist William Babington (1756–1833) and his wife, Martha Elizabeth Babington, was born on 5 March 1794 in Guy's Hospital when his father was resident apothecary there. Educated at Charterhouse School...

Article

Baillie, John (1772–1833), army officer in the East India Company and orientalist, younger son of George Baillie of Leys Castle, Inverness, and his wife, Anne (née Baillie), was born at Inverness on 10 May 1772, and entered the East India Company's service in 1790, arriving in ...

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Balfour, Francis (d. in or after 1816), surgeon and orientalist, was born in Edinburgh and took his MD degree there in 1767. He entered the East India Company's service in Bengal as assistant surgeon on 3 July 1769, and was appointed full surgeon on 10 August 1777....

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Ballantyne, James Robert (1813–1864), orientalist, was born on 13 December 1813 in Kelso, Roxburghshire, the eldest son of Alexander Thomson Ballantyne (1776–1847), newspaper owner, editor, and printer in Edinburgh, and his wife, (Anne) Randall Grant (c. 1786–1855). Alexander Ballantyne was a younger brother of ...