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Abendana, Isaac (d. 1699), Hebraist and book collector, was born in Spain and was taken at an early age to Hamburg, Germany. By 1660 he had completed rabbinical studies and by his own account sought the 'wisdom of medicine' (Katz, The Abendana brothers, 36...

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Abramsky, Yehezkel (1886–1976), rabbinic scholar and Orthodox Jewish leader, was born on or about 7 February 1886 in Dashkovtsy, near Most and Grodno, Lithuania, the third child and eldest son of Mordecai Zalman Abramsky, a local timber merchant, and his wife, Freydel Goldin...

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Aguilar, Grace (1816–1847), writer on Jewish history and religion and novelist, was born on 2 June 1816 in Hackney, Middlesex, the eldest of the three children of Emanuel Aguilar (1787–1845), merchant, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1854), daughter of Jacob Dias Fernandez...

Article

James Mew

revised by Philip Carter

Barker, Samuel (1686–1759), Hebraist, is of unknown parentage and upbringing; he was a relation of William Higgs Barker (1743/4–1816), the Hebraist and schoolmaster. He owned property near Lyndon, in Rutland. He married Sarah, only daughter of the natural philosopher and theologian William Whiston...

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Barker, William Higgs (1743/4–1816), Hebraist and headmaster, was the son of George Barker, tailor, of Great Russell Street, London, and a relation of the Hebraist Samuel Barker (1686–1759). He was admitted on the foundation of St Paul's School on 10 May 1756, aged twelve. He became Pauline exhibitioner at ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Belfour, John (1768–1842), Hebrew and Coptic scholar and poet, was a member of the Royal Society of Literature and died from 'decay of nature' at 65 Westmorland Place, Hoxton New Town, London, on 8 June 1842, aged seventy-four; he was buried later in June. Little is known of him. His works included various poems and biblical translations, notably the ...

Article

Sidney Lee

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Benisch, Abraham (1811–1878), Hebraist and newspaper editor, was born to Jewish parents at Drossau, a small town 8 miles south-west of Klattau in Bohemia. About 1836 he studied surgery at Prague University where, with other Jewish students, he formed an organization for re-establishing Jewish independence in ...

Article

Benmohel, Nathan Lazarus (1803–1869), Hebrew and German scholar, was born in Hamburg, Germany, son of Rabbi Elieza Lazi (1741–1841), presiding judge, or dayan, of Posen, and the united congregations of Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck. His mother was the daughter of Rabbi Todros Munk...

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Bennet, George (1750/51–1835), Hebraist and Presbyterian minister; details of his upbringing and parents are unknown. He passed a great portion of his life in the study of Hebrew and he was well acquainted with the learning of the rabbis, who were in his opinion more accustomed, if not better able, than Christian commentators to interpret the Hebrew ...

Article

Bensly, Robert Lubbock (1831–1893), Hebrew, Syriac, and biblical scholar, born at Eaton, near Norwich, Norfolk, on 24 August 1831, was the second son of Robert Bensly of Eaton, and his wife, Harriet Reeve. Educated in Eaton at a private school (where he began the study of Hebrew), and ...