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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Boson family (per. c. 1675–1730), preservers of the Cornish language, were key figures in the initial revival of Cornish, at a time towards the end of the seventeenth century when it was realized that the language was rapidly dying out. They came from a long-established landowning and merchant family of ...

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Campbell, John Lorne, of Canna (1906–1996), scholar of Scottish Gaelic folklore, was born in Edinburgh on 1 October 1906, the eldest son of Colonel Duncan Campbell, laird of Inverneill, Argyll, and his wife, Ethel, née Harriet, from New Jersey, USA. He was educated at ...

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J. M. Rigg

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Clark, John (d. 1807), scholar of Scottish Gaelic literature and land agent, was, in the astringent judgement of the Celtic scholar Alexander Macbain, 'James Macpherson's fellow Badenoch man, contemporary, friend, and sincere imitator in poetry and literary honesty' (Macbain, 186). In 1778 ...

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Cleaver, Euseby Digby [Eusebh D. Mac Cliabhair] (1826–1894), Church of England clergyman and promoter of the Irish language, was born on 8 March 1826 at Delgany, co. Wicklow, the eldest son of William Cleaver, rector of the parish, and his wife, Mary, daughter of ...

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Norman Moore

revised by Marie-Louise Legg

Connellan, Owen (1800–1869), Irish scholar, was born in co. Sligo, the son of a farmer who claimed descent from the chiefs of Bunnyconnellan in Mayo, and through them from Laoghaire MacNeill, king of Ireland. He studied Irish literature, and worked for more than twenty years as a scribe in the ...

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Davies, John (c. 1570–1644), Church of England clergyman and Welsh scholar, was born at Llanferres, Denbighshire, the son of Dafydd ab Ieuan ap Rhys, said to have been a weaver, and his wife, Elizabeth ferch Lewis ap Dafydd Lloyd. It was within a few miles of his birthplace that he came in contact with two men who set the course for his life and achievements. The first, the ...

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See Duffy, George Gavan [Seoirse Ui Gabháin]

Article

Erskine, Stuart Richard [known as Ruaraidh Erskine of Mar] (1869–1960), political activist and Gaelic entrepreneur, was born at 1 Portland Place, Brighton, on 15 January 1869, second of the three sons of William Macnaghten Erskine, fifth Baron Erskine (1841–1913), army officer, and his wife, ...