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Badger, George Percy (1815–1888), Arabic scholar and missionary, was born on 6 April 1815 at Chelmsford, Essex, the son of Edward Badger, army sergeant, and his wife, Ann (d. 1844). He was brought up in Malta, where his father, a regimental schoolmaster, died during his childhood, leaving his education in a rudimentary state. His fluency in Maltese, however, laid the foundation of his later mastery of Arabic. From 1834 he worked successively for the Methodist, American protestant, and Anglican missions in ...

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Bedwell, William (bap. 1563, d. 1632), Arabist and mathematician, was born in Great Hallingbury in Essex, where he was baptized on 2 October 1563, one of at least four children of John Bedwell, a small landowner, and his wife, Anne. After an early interest in mathematics had been encouraged by his father's youngest brother, ...

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Bernard, Edward (1638–1697), mathematician and Arabist, was born on 2 May 1638 at Paulerspury, near Towcester, Northamptonshire, the elder child of Joseph Bernard (c.1609–1644), clergyman, and Elizabeth Lenche or Linche (d. in or after 1669) of Wyche, near Great Malvern, Worcestershire...

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Stanley Lane-Poole

revised by Philip Carter

Carlyle, Joseph Dacre (1758–1804), Arabic scholar, was born on 4 June 1758 at Carlisle, where his father practised as a physician. He was educated at Mr Wilson's school at Kirkby Lonsdale and at the Carlisle grammar school. On 13 January 1775 he entered ...

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Channing, John (c. 1703–1775), apothecary and Arabist, was born in London, the first child of John Channing (d. 1725), a London apothecary, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1705), daughter of Robert Erle of Sturminster Marshall, Dorset. Channing was apprenticed to his father on 5 August 1718, and was made a freeman of the ...

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Dawood, Nessim Joseph (1927–2014), translator, Arabic scholar, and Middle East consultant, was born Nessim Yosef David Yehuda in Baghdad on 27 August 1927, the sixth of seven children of Yosef David Yehuda and his wife, Muzli, née Twaig. His father had been a Jewish Iraqi officer in the ...

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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Falconer, Ion Grant Neville Keith- (1856–1887), Arabic scholar, third son of Francis Alexander Keith-Falconer, eighth earl of Kintore (1828–1880), and Louisa Madaleine Hawkins (d, 1916), was born at Edinburgh (probably at 24 Abercromby Place) on 5 July 1856. His family were the representatives of the ...

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Ferdinand, Philip (1556–1599), Hebrew and Arabic scholar, was born of Jewish parentage in Poland in 1556. In his youth he studied the Talmud in the traditional Jewish manner and, judging from his elegant Latin, his command of Greek, and his fine handwriting, also received a humanist education. After about 1580 he was in ...

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Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen (1895–1971), Arabic scholar, was born on 2 January 1895 at Alexandria, Egypt, the third of the three sons and youngest of the four children of Alexander Crawford Gibb, manager of the Aboukir Dairy Company of Abu Qir, Alexandria...