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Alcock, Simon (d. 1459), scholastic author, was educated at Oxford, where he had proceeded MA by 1422 and DD by 1427, at which date he composed the De arte dictaminis, now MS 184.4 of the library of St John's College, Oxford. He may also have composed the ...

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Argall, John (b. in or before 1545, d. 1606), Church of England clergyman and logician, was born in London, the third son of Thomas Argall (1499/1500–1563), ecclesiastical official, and of Margaret (d. 1592), daughter of John Tallakarne or Talkerne of Cornwall. Near the end of ...

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Balsham, Adam of [Adam de Parvo Ponte] (1100x02?–1157x69?), logician, was born in Balsham, near Cambridge, on the estate of his father, whose family came from Beauvais in France. About 1120 he left England for Paris, at that time the goal of many young Englishmen who aimed to study the arts and theology. By 1132, the date of publication of his major work, the ...

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Barker, John (fl. c. 1471–1482), logician, is first recorded as a king's scholar at Eton College about 1471, who subsequently entered King's College in 1474, was elected a fellow in 1477, and graduated MA in 1479. His Etonian connection may indicate that he was from the south of ...

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Bate, John (d. 1430), logician and theologian, was, according to Leland, born west of the Severn (perhaps in the Welsh marches), but educated at the Carmelite convent in York. As a Carmelite friar he was a member of the London convent when he was ordained deacon by ...

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Billingham [Bullingham], Richard (fl. c. 1344–c. 1361), logician and theologian, was associated with Merton College, Oxford, as a fellow from c.1344 until c.1361. He held many offices at the college, was sub-warden for several years and is said to have presented to the college library tables on logic and philosophy that he had probably compiled himself; this material does not appear to have survived. He obtained from the university the degrees of MA and BTh. In March 1349, following the election of ...

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George Boole (1815–1864) by unknown artist, 1847 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Boole, George (1815–1864), mathematician and logician, was born on 2 November 1815 in Lincoln, the eldest of four children of a local tradesman, John Boole (1777–1848), and his wife, Mary Ann (1780–1854). He adopted a love of learning from his father, who was active in the local mechanics' institute, to such an extent that in his teens he was employed as a teacher at schools in ...

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John M. Fletcher

Bricmore, H. (d. 1382?), logician, is alleged by the early seventeenth-century Scottish writer Thomas Dempster to have been a Scot, a canon of Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, though elsewhere it is asserted that he was an Englishman. Dempster states that Bricmore had been sent to ...

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Bryan, John (b. 1492/3, d. after 1521), logician, was a native of London. His family connections are unknown, but he was acquainted with Pietro Carmeliano, Latin secretary to Henry VII, and may have been his protégé. In 1505 he was sent to Eton College...