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Abercrombie, David (1909–1992), phonetician, was born in Birkenhead on 19 December 1909, the eldest of the three sons and a daughter of the poet and critic Lascelles Abercrombie (1881–1938) and Catherine, née Gwatkin (1881–1968). One of his brothers was the biologist Michael Abercrombie (1912–1979)...

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Adams, James (1737–1802), Jesuit and philologist, was born on 3 November 1737 to William Adams and Anne or Sarah Spencer; he refers to Bury St Edmunds as his 'native town' (Euphonologia Linguae Anglicanae, 1794, 7). He was educated at the Jesuit college in ...

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Aickin, Joseph (fl. 1693–1705?), grammarian, was, according to the title-page of his English Grammar (1693), a 'Schoolmaster in Fisher-street, near Red Lion Square in Holborn and lately one of the Masters of the Free-School of London-Derry'. An indication of his philosophy appears from the preface statement that English teachers cannot be more respected and better paid 'till it be found that the English Tongue is copious enough of itself, to express every thing and notion' and 'till people do see that it may be perfectly acquired, without being beholden to the Latine' (...

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Ainsworth, Robert (1660–1743), lexicographer and schoolmaster, was born in September 1660, probably at Wordsall, which, in the seventeenth century, was a collection of gentlemen's houses, in the parish of Eccles, about 4 miles from Manchester, the location cited by Dr Samuel Patrick in his preface to the second edition of ...

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Aitken, (Adam) Jack (1921–1998), lexicographer and philologist, was born on 19 June 1921 in Edinburgh, the only son and eldest of the three children of Adam Aitken (1896–1958), miner, and his first wife, Alexandrina Sutherland (1896–1931). He was baptized into the Church of Scotland...

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Alexander, Louis George (1932–2002), language teacher and author, was born Elias George Ftyaras on 15 January 1932 at 116 Sutherland Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the son of George Elias Ftyaras (b. c.1909), a Greek doctor who settled permanently in England, and his wife, ...

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Allen, Alexander (1814–1842), philologist and classical scholar, was born at Hackney, Middlesex, on 23 September 1814, the son of John Allen (1771–1839), a dissenting layman and author of A History of Modern Judaism (1816), and his wife, Charlotte Jane. He was educated at his father's school and at ...

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Anwykyll, John (d. 1487), schoolmaster and grammarian, owned a surname, spelt in several ways, which is probably a variant of the place name Aldwincle in Northamptonshire. Anwykyll is first recorded as a student of grammar at Cambridge University in 1473–4, where he gained permission to graduate as a master of grammar in 1474–5. He next appears at Michaelmas 1483 as master of ...

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Aram, Eugene (bap. 1704, d. 1759), murderer and philologist, was born at Ramsgill and baptized on 2 October 1704 at Middlesmoor, West Riding of Yorkshire. Little is known of his mother, but his father, Peter Aram (bap. 1667, d. 1735), employed as gardener to ...

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Arkisden, Thomas (1608/9–1682), Church of England clergyman and writer of shorthand, was probably born in Essex or Suffolk, one, probably the elder, of the two children of Thomas Arkisden, a minor landowner, and his wife, Francis, née Durrant. After his father's death, his guardian was his 'father-in-law' ...