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Allan, George (1736–1800), antiquary and topographer, was born on 7 June 1736 in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of James Allan (1712–1790) and Elizabeth Pemberton (1710–1756). His father, ‘Auld Jem’, fourth son of Nicholas Allan of Staindrop, had trained as an attorney, and in 1738 was appointed bailiff of ...

Article

Allen, Thomas (1803–1833), topographer, son of J. Allen, map engraver, was probably born in London. In 1827 he published The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Lambeth and the Archiepiscopal Palace, with illustrations, chiefly drawn and etched by himself. He afterwards published: ...

Article

Atkyns, Sir Robert (bap. 1647, d. 1711), topographer and antiquary, was baptized at Monken Hadley, Middlesex, on 26 August 1647, the eldest son of Sir Robert Atkyns (bap. 1621, d. 1710), lawyer, and his first wife, Mary (d. 1681), daughter of Sir George Clerk...

Article

T. F. Henderson

revised by Lionel Alexander Ritchie

Barry, George (1748–1805), topographical writer, was a native of Berwickshire. Educated at Edinburgh University, he was licensed to preach by the presbytery of Edinburgh. Initially he served as a tutor to the sons of gentlemen in Orkney, by whose patronage he became minister of second charge in ...

Article

Bartlet, Benjamin (1714–1787), numismatist and topographer, was born on 1 September 1714 at Bradford, Yorkshire, the only son of Benjamin Bartlet (1678–1759), bookseller and apothecary, and his second wife, Elizabeth Green (1684–1751). The family were Quakers: his grandfather and father suffered the seizure of goods for absenting themselves from the parish church; and ...

Article

R. E. Graves

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Bartlett, William Henry (1809–1854), topographical artist, was born on 26 March 1809 at 5 Bartholomew Place, Kentish Town, London, the second child and elder son in the family of three children of William Bartlett and his wife, Ann. At the age of seven he was sent to a local boarding-school, where he was very miserable. He left school in 1821, and in 1822 was apprenticed to the antiquary ...

Article

Barton, Richard (1706–1759), topographer and religious writer, was born in Painstown, co. Meath, Ireland, the third son of the Revd John Barton (fl. 1675–1735), dean of Ardagh, and Elinor Jenney, daughter of the Revd Henry Jenney, archdeacon of Dromore diocese, and granddaughter of ...

Article

Baskerville, Thomas (1630/31–1700), topographer, was born, probably at Bayworth House, Sunningwell, Berkshire, in 1630 or early 1631, the eldest surviving son of the eccentric antiquary Hannibal Baskerville (1597–1668) and his second wife and cousin, Mary (1602–1644)—daughter of Nicholas Baskerville and widow of ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by H. C. G. Matthew

Bennett, James (1785–1856), topographer, was born at Falfield in the parish of Thornbury, Gloucestershire, on 10 May 1785, the eighth of the thirteen children of John Bennett, a yeoman farmer. He was sent to school at Stone, and was then apprenticed to George Robbins...

Article

Blomefield, Francis (1705–1752), topographical historian and Church of England clergyman, was born on 23 July 1705 at Fersfield, Norfolk, the eldest son of Henry Blomefield (1680–1732) and his wife, Alice Batch (d. 1730), daughter of Henry Batch of Lynn. He came from a family of yeomen farmers and was the first member to receive a university education. He began attending classes run by the rector of ...