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Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist, was born on 4 October 1833 in Edinburgh, the second son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His elder brother Thomas Anderson (1832–1870) was superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta...

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Ardener, Edwin William (1927–1987), social anthropologist and university teacher, was born on 21 September 1927 at 401 Hornsey Road, Islington, London, the son of Edwin Alfred Ardener, a house-painter, and his wife, Isabella Mina, née Easton. His early interests, dating from his schooldays, lay in philology, archaeology, Egyptology, and comparative religion—interests which led him to social anthropology. In 1945 he entered the ...

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Armstrong, Wallace Edwin (1896–1980), anthropologist and economist, was born on 24 February 1896 at 2 Deerbrook Road, Norwood, London, the second of three sons of William Wallace Armstrong, a civil servant with the Local Government Board, and his wife, Alice Imeson of Herne Hill, London...

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Bates [née Dwyer], Daisy May (1859–1951), anthropologist and social worker among Aboriginal Australians, was born around 16 October 1859, at Roscrea, co. Tipperary, Ireland, the third of four children of Edward Dwyer, shopkeeper and small farmer, and his wife Bridget, née Hunt...

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Bateson, Gregory (1904–1980), anthropologist and communications theorist, was born on 9 May 1904 at Grantchester, Cambridgeshire, the youngest of three sons of William Bateson (1861–1926), zoologist and geneticist, and his wife, (Caroline) Beatrice (1870?–1941), daughter of Arthur Durham and his wife, Mary Ellis...

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Beattie, John Hugh Marshall (1915–1990), social anthropologist, was born on 8 May 1915 at 14 Harthill Avenue, Allerton, Liverpool, the only son and first of the two children of John Crawford Beattie (d. 1916), a civil servant and surveyor of taxes, and ...

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Beddoe, John (1826–1911), physician and anthropologist, was born in Bewdley, Worcestershire, on 21 September 1826, the son of John Beddoe JP, a merchant, and Emma, daughter of Henry Barrer Child of Bewdley. Educated at Bridgnorth School, he studied medicine at University College, London...

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Blacking, John Anthony Randoll (1928–1990), social anthropologist and ethnomusicologist, was born on 22 October 1928 in Guildford, Surrey, the elder child and only son of William Henry Randoll Blacking, ecclesiastical architect, and his wife, (Josephine) Margaret Newcombe Waymouth. The family moved to 21 The Close, Salisbury...

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Blackwood, Beatrice Mary (1889–1975), anthropologist, was born on 3 May 1889 at her parents' home at 3 Marlborough Hill, Marylebone, London, the eldest of the three children of James Blackwood (1822–1911), publisher, and his wife, Mary (1859–1953), a nurse, daughter of John Carter Chamberlayne...

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Boyce, (Nora Elisabeth) Mary (1920–2006), scholar of Zoroastrianism, was born on 2 August 1920 in Darjeeling, India, where her parents were resting. Her father, William H. Boyce, was a judge in the Calcutta high court. Her mother, Nora, née Gardiner, was a granddaughter of the historian ...