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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Ashby, Arthur Wilfred (1886–1953), agricultural economist, was born in the Warwickshire village of Tysoe on 19 August 1886, the eldest of eight children of Joseph Ashby (1859–1919), farmer and surveyor, and his wife and cousin, Hannah Ashby (b. 1861/2). His father was a remarkable man whose life, as told by his daughter, is the classic story of the articulate village leader of the second half of the nineteenth century for whom religion, farming, and politics were the stuff of life. Having left the village school a little before his twelfth birthday, young ...

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Elmhirst, Leonard Knight (1893–1974), agricultural economist and philanthropist, was born on 6 June 1893 at Laxton, Yorkshire, the second of eight sons and nine children of the Revd William Heaton Elmhirst, clergyman, of Laxton, subsequently owner of the Elmhirst estate, Worsbrough Dale, Yorkshire...

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G. C. Boase

Reviser: David Knight

Low, David (1786–1859), university professor, was born on 25 November 1786, probably at Woodend, Berwickshire, the eldest son of Alexander Low, land agent, of Laws, Berwickshire, and his wife, Susan Anderson. He was educated at Perth Academy and the University of Edinburgh. He assisted his father on his farms, and soon showed special aptitude as a land agent and valuer. In 1817 he published ...

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Murray, Keith Anderson Hope, Baron Murray of Newhaven (1903–1993), agricultural economist and university administrator, was born at 62 Great King Street, Edinburgh, on 28 July 1903, the third of five sons (there were no daughters) of Charles David Murray (1866–1936), judge of the ...

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Orwin, Charles Stewart (1876–1955), agricultural economist and historian, was born on 26 September 1876 at Horsham, Sussex, the only son of Frederick James Orwin and Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Campbell Stewart, of Blackheath, and niece of George Gawler, governor of South Australia (1838–41). Born into a medical family with a reputation for independent, radical thinking, from his earliest days ...

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George William Russell (1867–1935) by John Butler Yeats, 1903 National Gallery of Ireland

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Russell, George William [pseud. A. E.] (1867–1935), journalist, poet, and agricultural economist, was born on 10 April 1867 at William Street, in the Ulster town of Lurgan, the youngest of three children of Thomas Elias Russell (1822?–1900), a bookkeeper employed by Bell & Co....

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Wakefield, Edward (1774–1854), philanthropist, land agent, and writer on political economy, was born in Tottenham, Middlesex. He was the elder son of Edward Wakefield (1750–1826), merchant, and the writer Priscilla Wakefield (1750–1832), daughter of Daniel Bell. Daniel Wakefield was his younger brother. Edward...