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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Ashby, Arthur Wilfred (1886–1953), agricultural economist, was born in the Warwickshire village of Tysoe on 19 August 1886, the eldest of eight children of Joseph Ashby (1859–1919), farmer and surveyor, and his wife and cousin, Hannah Ashby (b. 1861/2). His father was a remarkable man whose life, as told by his daughter, is the classic story of the articulate village leader of the second half of the nineteenth century for whom religion, farming, and politics were the stuff of life. Having left the village school a little before his twelfth birthday, young ...

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Clarke, William John Turner (1805–1874), pastoralist and financier in Australia, was born on 20 April 1805 at Bridgwater, Somerset, second son of William Clarke (c.1770–1813), Aldgate livestock dealer, and his wife, Sarah, née Turner (d. 1819), of Weston Royland, Somerset...

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Elmhirst, Leonard Knight (1893–1974), agricultural economist and philanthropist, was born on 6 June 1893 at Laxton, Yorkshire, the second of eight sons and nine children of the Revd William Heaton Elmhirst, clergyman, of Laxton, subsequently owner of the Elmhirst estate, Worsbrough Dale, Yorkshire...

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See Fraser, Simon Christopher Joseph, fifteenth Lord Lovat and fourth Baron Lovat

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Hardoon, Silas Aaron (1851–1931), merchant and property owner, was born in Baghdad, one of the six children of Aaron Hardoon. He moved with his family to Bombay about 1856. His family was poor and he received only an elementary education, possibly supported by the local ...

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Hornby, Sir Simon Michael (1934–2010), businessman and gardener, was born at 20 Devonshire Place, London, on 29 December 1934, the elder son and second of three children of Michael Charles St John Hornby (1899–1987), businessman, and his wife, Nicolette Joan, née Ward (1907–1988)...

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Loder, Robert (bap. 1589, d. 1638), farmer and accounts keeper, was baptized at Harwell, Berkshire, on 1 November 1589, one of three sons of John Loder (d. 1595) and of his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1608), daughter of Francis Forde of Garsington, Oxfordshire...

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G. C. Boase

revised by David Knight

Low, David (1786–1859), university professor, was born on 25 November 1786, probably at Woodend, Berwickshire, the eldest son of Alexander Low, land agent, of Laws, Berwickshire, and his wife, Susan Anderson. He was educated at Perth Academy and the University of Edinburgh. He assisted his father on his farms, and soon showed special aptitude as a land agent and valuer. In 1817 he published ...