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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrews, Robert (1725–1806), landowner and subject of a painting by Thomas Gainsborough, was born at Bulmer, Essex, on 10 November 1725, the son of Robert Andrews (1661–1735) and his fourth wife, Martha (d. 1749), the daughter of James Brewster (d. 1725)...

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Robert Andrews (1725–1806) by Thomas Gainsborough, c.1750 © National Gallery, London / The Bridgeman Art Library

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John Westby-Gibson

Reviser: Nicholas Goddard

Angas, Caleb (1782–1860), agriculturist, was a well-known practitioner of farming in the East Riding of Yorkshire and recognized locally as a leading authority on agriculture. He originally lived at Brancepeth but at the age of thirty-two he established himself at Newick Farm, Great Driffield...

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Ashby, Arthur Wilfred (1886–1953), agricultural economist, was born in the Warwickshire village of Tysoe on 19 August 1886, the eldest of eight children of Joseph Ashby (1859–1919), farmer and surveyor, and his wife and cousin, Hannah Ashby (b. 1861/2). His father was a remarkable man whose life, as told by his daughter, is the classic story of the articulate village leader of the second half of the nineteenth century for whom religion, farming, and politics were the stuff of life. Having left the village school a little before his twelfth birthday, young ...

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Baker, John Wynn (c. 1730–1775), agricultural improver and writer, emigrated from England, possibly from Worcester, to Ireland in 1761 after the collapse of a business scheme to convey brine from salt pits to the River Severn by a system of pipes. He published his first experimental treatise in ...

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bathurst, Charles, first Viscount Bledisloe (1867–1958), agriculturist and politician, was born in London on 21 September 1867, the second but first surviving son of the barrister Charles Bathurst (1836–1907), of Lydney Park, Gloucestershire, where he owned 4000 acres of land, and his wife, ...