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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Adams, Norman Edward Albert (1927–2005), artist, was born on 9 February 1927 in a flat at 74 Shernhall Street, Walthamstow, Essex, the only child of Albert Henry Adams (1900–1975), a London Transport clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Winifred Rose, née Humphries (1906–2000). The family moved shortly afterwards to ...

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Adler, Jakub [Jankel] (1895–1949), painter, was born on 26 July 1895 in Tuszyn, near Łódź, Poland, the eighth of the twelve children of Eliasz Adler, a timber and coal dealer, and his wife, Hana Laja, née Fiter. Adler grew up in Łódź in the world of Hasidic Jewry, which had a lasting influence on his subject matter. After training as a goldsmith in ...

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W. C. Monkhouse

revised by Nicholas Grindle

Adolph, Anton von Freenthal [Joseph Antony] (b. 1721), painter, was born on 6 July 1721 in Nikolsburg, Austria, the son of Josef Franz Adolf (1671–1749), painter and brother of Carl Josef Adolph (d. 1771), painter. He studied with his father and at the ...

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Maker Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse

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Jacques-Laurent Agasse (1767–1849) by Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse Museum Stiftung Oskar Reinhart; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Aglio, Augustine Maria [formerly Agostino Maria] (1777–1857), painter and lithographer, was born on 15 December 1777 in Cremona, Italy, one of several children of Gaetano Aglio, a notary, and Marianna Mondini. He moved with his family in 1787 to Milan, where he was educated at the ...

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Aikman, George (1830–1905), painter and engraver, was born in Warriston Close, off the High Street, Edinburgh, on 20 May 1830, the ninth child of George Aikman, engraver, and Alison Mackay (d. in or before 1859), his wife. His father had been an engraver for ...

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(John Ronald) Craigie Aitchison (1926–2009) by Snowdon, 2003 © Snowdon / Camera Press London

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Aitchison, (John Ronald) Craigie (1926–2009), artist, was born at 12 India Street, Edinburgh, on 13 January 1926, the second son of Craigie Mason Aitchison, later Lord Aitchison (1882–1941), and his wife, Charlotte Mary Forbes, née Jones (d. 1970). Craigie was his paternal grandmother's maiden name. His father was a distinguished Scottish lawyer, Labour then National Labour MP for ...