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Alexander Alexander (b. 1781/22) by Thomas Hodgetts, pubd 1830 (after Sir John Watson-Gordon) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Alexander, Alexander (b. 1781/2), soldier and writer, was born in Dundonald, Ayrshire, the illegitimate son of a wealthy Scottish merchant. Almost everything known about him comes from his remarkable autobiography, published in Edinburgh in 1830. After what he recalled as an unhappy childhood marred by physical violence, at the age of eighteen he was sent to work as an overseer on slave plantations in ...

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Baggerley, Humphrey (fl. 1648–1654), army officer and supposed biographer, was among the troops who on 9 October 1648 surrendered at Appleby, Westmorland, to superior parliamentarian forces under Colonel Assheton. The royalist soldiers were granted very generous terms and, having been allowed his freedom, ...

Article

John Ormsby

revised by R. L. Winstanley

Carleton, George (1651/2?–1728x30), army officer and memoirist, was probably born at Ewelme in Oxfordshire, the son of George Carleton. He claimed to be closely related to Sir Dudley Carleton, secretary of state to Charles I. However, until the late 1920s nothing was known about him other than what appears in the memoirs of military life ascribed to his name which was first published in 1728. As this work appeared in the lifetime of ...

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Cholmley, Sir Hugh, first baronet (1600–1657), royalist army officer and autobiographer, was born on 22 July 1600 at Roxby Castle, Thornton on the Hill (now Thornton Dale) in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest son of Sir Richard Cholmley (1580–1631) and Susannah (1578–1611)...

Article

Fermor, Sir Patrick Michael [Paddy] Leigh (1915–2011), special operations officer and author, was born on 11 February 1915 at 20 Endsleigh Gardens, Bloomsbury, London, the younger child and only son of Sir Lewis Leigh Fermor (1880–1954), geologist, and his first wife, Muriel Aileen (otherwise Eileen or Æileen), ...

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Sir Patrick Michael Leigh Fermor (1915–2011) by Joan Leigh Fermor, 1946 © Patrick Fermor Archive, Trustees of the National Library of Scotland

Article

W. R. Morfill

revised by Paul Dukes

Gordon, Patrick (1635–1699), army officer and diarist, was born on 31 March 1635 at Easter Auchleuchries in Aberdeenshire, where his father, John Gordon (d. c.1684), was a minor laird. His mother's name was Mary Ogilvie (d. c.1684). He wrote his diary in six thick quarto volumes, preserved in ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by D. N. Farr

Hodgson, John (1617/18–1684?), army officer and autobiographer, was a native of Yorkshire. He took up arms for parliament in late 1642 and began his military service as ensign in the regiment of Colonel Forbes. He fought under Sir Thomas Fairfax and was badly wounded in the defeat at ...

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Jones, Elias Henry (1883–1942), prisoner of war and university administrator, was born at Brynymor Road, Aberystwyth, on 21 September 1883, the eldest son of the philosopher Sir Henry Jones (1852–1922), who was then a lecturer at University College, Aberystwyth, and his wife, ...