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(John) Thomas Baines (1820–1875) by unknown photographer, 1860s The Royal Geographical Society, London

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Baines, (John) Thomas (1820–1875), artist and explorer, was born on 27 November 1820 at King's Lynn, Norfolk, the second son and one of three surviving children of Mary Ann Watson and John Thomas Baines, a master mariner. His father and maternal grandfather were amateur artists, his brother ...

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Sir Samuel White Baker (1821–1893) by Maull & Co., 1860s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baker, Sir Samuel White (1821–1893), traveller and explorer in Africa, was born on 8 June 1821 in London, the second of the eight children of Samuel Baker (d. 1862) of Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire, and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Thomas Dobson...

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Beechey, Henry William (1788/9–1862), painter and explorer, was born probably at 37 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest son of the portrait painter Sir William Beechey (1753–1839) and his first wife. Nothing is known of his education. In August 1815 he became secretary to ...

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Howard Temperley

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Beecroft, John (1790–1854), west African explorer and consul, was born near Whitby. Little is known about his early years beyond the fact that in 1805, while serving aboard a coasting vessel, he was captured by a French privateer and held prisoner until the peace of 1814. He subsequently joined the ...

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Burchell, William John (1781–1863), explorer and naturalist, was born in Fulham on 23 July 1781, one of three children and the only son of Matthew Burchell (d. 1828), botanist and the owner of the Fulham nursery. He was educated at Raleigh House Academy, Mitcham, Surrey...

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William John Burchell (1781–1863) by Mary Dawson Turner (after John Sell Cotman, 1816) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burnham, Frederick Russell (1861–1947), scout and prospector, was born on 11 May 1861 in Tivoli, Minnesota, the elder son of Edwin Otway Burnham (d. 1873), Congregational minister and missionary, and his wife, Rebecca, née Russell, both of English descent. The family moved to ...

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Frederick Russell Burnham (1861–1947) by Elliott & Fry, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London