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Adair, John (1660–1718), geographer and cartographer, was born on 2 September 1660 in Leith, Scotland. Nothing is known of his parents or his early education. The first firm reference to Adair dates from May 1681, when he was granted a licence by the ...

Article

See Bartholomew family

Article

J. De Graaff-Hunter

revised by Yolande Hodson

Close, Sir Charles Frederick Arden- (1865–1952), surveyor and geographer, was born on 10 August 1865 at St Saviour's, Jersey, the eldest of the eleven children of Captain (later Major-General) Frederick Close (1830–1899) and his second wife, Lydia Ann Stevens. He was educated at a dame-school in ...

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Sir Charles Frederick Arden- Close (1865–1952) by Walter Stoneman, 1939 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

J. A. Steers

revised by Elizabeth Baigent

Debenham, Frank (1883–1965), geographer and polar scientist, was born at Bowral, New South Wales, on 26 December 1883, the second son of the Revd John Willmott Debenham, vicar of Bowral and schoolmaster, and his wife, Edith Cleveland. He attended the school run by his father and, after his death in 1898, by his mother, and from there went to the ...

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Frank Debenham (1883–1965) by Herbert George Ponting, 1911 © Popperfoto

Article

R. N. Rudmose Brown

revised by Robin A. Butlin

Freshfield, Douglas William (1845–1934), geographer and mountain explorer, was born at Hampstead, Middlesex, on 27 April 1845, the only son of Henry Ray Freshfield (1814–1895) [see under Freshfield family], solicitor to the Bank of England, and his wife, Jane Quentin, the daughter of ...

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Douglas William Freshfield (1845–1934) by unknown photographer [detail] The Royal Geographical Society, London

Article

Harley, (John) Brian (1932–1991), geographer and map historian, was born on 24 July 1932 in Ashley, Bristol, and spent some of his infant years in Oxford. On 15 March 1935 he was adopted by John Jack Harley (b. 1883), farmer, and his wife, ...

Article

Holdich, Sir Thomas Hungerford (1843–1929), surveyor and geographer, was born at the rectory, Dingley, Northamptonshire, on 13 February 1843, the eldest son of Thomas Peach Holdich, rector of that parish, and Susan, daughter of William Atherton Garrard of Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight, and ...