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Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth (1887–1961), accountant, and his wife Marie, née Bader (1895–1969), a singer. At the time of her birth registration her parents, both of Polish-Jewish descent, lived at ...

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Bannerman, Patrick (1715–1798), Church of Scotland minister and writer on religious and civil liberties, was born at Inveravon, the son of James Bannerman (1670–1758), minister of Inveravon and then of Forglen, Banffshire, and his wife, Ann Cunningham (d. 1758), a minister's daughter. Educated at ...

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Ennals, David Hedley, Baron Ennals

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See Ennals, David Hedley, Baron Ennals

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Levy, Allan Edward (1942–2004), barrister, was born on 17 August 1942 at Bury Infirmary, Bury, Lancashire, the only child of Sidney Levy, a radio engineer, and his wife, Mabel, née Lewis. The family lived at Prestwich and Levy attended Bury grammar school and ...

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Levy, Joseph Hiam (1838–1913), journalist and campaigner for individual rights, was born on 17 July 1838 at 7 Upper East Smithfield, Aldgate, London, son of Lawrence Levy, slop seller, and his wife, Maria Hiam. He was educated at the City of London School...

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Luthuli, Albert John (1898?–1967), human rights campaigner and president-general of the African National Congress, was born—according to his own calculations, in 1898—in Southern Rhodesia, the second surviving son of John Bunyan Luthuli, an evangelist and interpreter at a Seventh Day Adventist mission at ...

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Albert John Luthuli (1898?–1967) by Neville Lewis, 1962 © reserved; private collection; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London