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Abdy, Edward Strutt (1791–1846), campaigner against slavery and racism, was the fifth and youngest son of Thomas Abdy Abdy, born Thomas Abdy Rutherford (1755–1798), Church of England clergyman of Albyns, Essex, and his wife, Mary, daughter of James Hayes of Holyport, Buckinghamshire, a bencher of the ...

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Alcindor, John (1873–1924), general practitioner and leader of the African Progress Union, was born on 8 or 9 July 1873 in Port of Spain, Trinidad, the son of Francis Alcindor, cocoa planter. Almost nothing is known of his parents, though there were funds to pay for his schooling and medical studies. The family's African ancestry was suggested by ...

Article

Armitage, Thomas Rhodes (1824–1890), campaigner for blind people, was born at Tilgate, Sussex, on 2 April 1824, the sixth of seven sons of James Armitage (1793–1872), a prosperous Leeds ironfounder, and his wife, Anne Elizabeth, née Rhodes. Edward Armitage, history painter, was his eldest brother. The family had largely detached itself from its industrial roots, and for much of his early life ...

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Thomas Rhodes Armitage (1824–1890) by unknown artist Royal National Institute for the Blind

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John Ashley, Baron Ashley of Stoke (1922–2012) by Nick Sinclair, 1992 © Nick Sinclair

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Ashley, John [Jack], Baron Ashley of Stoke (1922–2012), politician, was born on 6 December 1922 at 34 Wellington Street, Widnes, Lancashire, the son of John Ashley (d. 1927), a labourer in a chemical works, and a devout Catholic, and his wife, Isabella, ...

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Austin, (Ethel) Winifred (1873–1918), pioneer of library services for blind people, was born on 7 October 1873 (not 1875, as her obituaries state) at 3 Lansdowne Place, Blackheath Hill, London, the tenth child of George Austin (1824/5–1887) and Mary Anne Jane Cullum Aldridge (...

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C. W. Sutton

revised by M. C. Curthoys

Baker, Charles (1803–1874), teacher of deaf people, was born on 31 July 1803, the second son of Thomas Baker, headmaster of the Lancasterian School, Severn Street, Birmingham, and his wife, Charlotte Mould. His elder brother was Franklin Baker (1800–1867); his younger brothers included ...

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Henry Baker (1698–1774) by William Nutter, pubd 1812 (after W. B. Thomson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Baker, Henry (1698–1774), natural philosopher and teacher of deaf people, was born on 8 May 1698 in Quality Court, Chancery Lane, London, to William Baker, a clerk in chancery, and his wife, Mary, the daughter of Aaron Pengry, comptroller of the petty bag office. His father died when he was very young, and he himself recorded that he was brought up by his paternal grandmother. At the age of fifteen he was apprenticed to a bookseller of ...