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Allinson, Thomas Richard (1858–1918), dietitian and businessman, was born at 43 Rumford Street, Hulme, Lancashire, on 29 March 1858, the son of Thomas Allinson, a bookkeeper, and his wife, Ellen (formerly Sims). He left school at fifteen and, aiming to be a doctor, he subsidized his studies by becoming a chemist's assistant. In 1879 he graduated LRCP (...

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Thomas Richard Allinson (1858–1918) by Ray, pubd 1911 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robert Harrison

revised by Virginia Smith

Banting, William (1796/7–1878), writer on diet, was a funeral director in St James's Street, London. He may have been the William Banting, son of Thomas Banting and his wife, Ann, who was baptized at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, in December 1796. On 20 January 1818 he married at ...

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Buckley, Wilfred (1873–1933), promoter of clean milk and collector of antique glass, was born at 27 Wheeleys Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 13 June 1873, the second son and second of the four children of Henry Buckley (1838–1903), general merchant, and his wife, Caroline Therese (1847–1891)...

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Cooke [Cook], Robert [called Linen Cooke] (d. c. 1726), vegetarian and author, the elder son of Robert Cooke, came of a family that settled in co. Cork in the early seventeenth century and prospered in the linen and other trades, particularly in ...

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Corkling, Mary Ann Yates [pseud. May Yates] (1850–1938), food reformer, was born on 18 May 1850 in Withington, Manchester, the elder daughter of Robert Yates Corkling (b. 1827) and his wife, Mary Ann, née Booth (1830–1904), who had married in September 1849. Her father was then a cashier, but eventually owned a factory in ...

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Cowherd, William (1763–1816), a founder of the Bible Christians (Cowherdites) and vegetarian, was born in Carnforth, Lancashire. Little is known of his early life, although his parents were probably James and Elizabeth Cowherd, or Coward. He described himself as a 'classical teacher in ...

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Crofton, Sir John Wenman (1912–2009), physician and public health campaigner, was born on 27 March 1912 at 55 Merrion Square, Dublin, the son of William Mervyn Crofton, medical practitioner, and his wife, Mary Josephine, née Abbott. A happy childhood included education at schools in ...