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Ashby, Joseph (1859–1919), farmer and social reformer, was born in Tysoe in Warwickshire on 13 June 1859, the son of an unmarried servant, Elizabeth Ashby. His father was the husband of Elizabeth's mistress, yet, common as such births were, Ashby's was in some ways different. His father provided for him but his mother, a fiercely independent woman, refused to use the money. More importantly his mother's branch of the ...

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Joseph Ashby (1859–1919) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Balfour, Lady Evelyn Barbara [Eve] (1898–1990), promoter of organic farming and a founder of the Soil Association, was born on 16 July 1898 in Dublin, the fourth child of Gerald William Balfour, second earl of Balfour (1853–1945), and Lady Elizabeth Edith Balfour (1867–1942)...

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Lady Evelyn Barbara Balfour (1898–1990) by Elliott & Fry, 1943 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Clarke, William John Turner

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Cook, Ernest Edward (1865–1955), art collector and preservationist, was born at Camberwell, London, on 4 September 1865, the second of the three sons of John Mason Cook (1834–1899), travel agent [see under Cook, Thomas], and Emma, daughter of Thomas William Hodges...

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Cottle, Thomas John (1761–1828), plantation owner and philanthropist, was the eldest of the four children of Thomas Cottle (1726–1765), solicitor-general of St Kitts, Leeward Islands, West Indies. Cottle inherited the Round Hill plantation on the neighbouring island of Nevis from his father. He became a member of the ...

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See Craven, Sir William

Article

Elkington, Joseph (bap. 1740, d. 1806), farmer and designer of land drainage systems, was baptized on 1 January 1740, the eldest son of Joseph Elkington (1697–1758), yeoman farmer, and his wife, Mary, née Gallimore (d. 1750), at Stretton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire. He married on 26 December 1760 ...

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Elmhirst, Leonard Knight (1893–1974), agricultural economist and philanthropist, was born on 6 June 1893 at Laxton, Yorkshire, the second of eight sons and nine children of the Revd William Heaton Elmhirst, clergyman, of Laxton, subsequently owner of the Elmhirst estate, Worsbrough Dale, Yorkshire...