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G. T. Bettany

revised by Yolanda Foote

Alder, Joshua (1792–1867), zoologist, was born on 7 April 1792 at Dean Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of provision merchants. He was educated at Tanfield School, under a relative, the Revd Joseph Simpson. On his father's death in November 1808, he left school to help his mother run the family business. An early acquaintance with the wood-engraver ...

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Joshua Alder (1792–1867) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Allen, Edgar Johnson (1866–1942), marine zoologist and scientific administrator, was born on 6 April 1866 at 6 Havelock Terrace, Preston, Lancashire, the son of the Revd Richard Allen, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Emma Johnson, daughter of a Bideford shipbuilder. They had three daughters and five sons, of whom ...

Article

Alston, Edward Richard (1845–1881), zoologist, was born at Stockbriggs House, near Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, on 1 December 1845, the fifth son of Mr J. W. Alston of Stockbriggs, a wealthy merchant of Glasgow. A delicate child, probably suffering from early tuberculosis, he was educated at home. From his earliest years he was keenly interested in natural history, and kept tame animals at the family's country home at ...

Article

Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist, was born on 4 October 1833 in Edinburgh, the second son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His elder brother Thomas Anderson (1832–1870) was superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta...

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Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist, born on 25 April 1822 in Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest son of George Fife Angas (1789–1879) and his wife, Rosetta French (1796–1867), who had three sons and four daughters. When he was a child his family moved to ...

Article

Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...

Article

R. E. Thompson

revised by Peter Osborne

Baird, William (1803–1872), zoologist and physician, was born at Eccles, Berwickshire, on 8 January 1803, a younger son of the Revd James Baird (d. 1814), then minister of Eccles, and his wife, Sarah. His older brother was the evangelical preacher John Baird (1799–1861)...

Article

Balfour, Francis Maitland (1851–1882), comparative embryologist and morphologist, was born on 10 November 1851 at Queen Street, Edinburgh, the fifth of the eight children (and third son) of James Maitland Balfour (1820–1856), landowner and MP, and Lady Blanche Gascoyne-Cecil (1825–1872), second daughter of ...

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See Ball, Robert