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Abbot, Charles (1761–1817), botanist and entomologist, was born on 24 March 1761. He was educated at Winchester College and matriculated at New College, Oxford, in 1779, gaining his BA in 1783. He was a fellow of the college between 1781 and 1788, was awarded his MA in 1787, and his DD in 1802. He held the life-appointment of usher at ...

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G. T. Bettany

revised by Yolanda Foote

Alder, Joshua (1792–1867), zoologist, was born on 7 April 1792 at Dean Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, the son of provision merchants. He was educated at Tanfield School, under a relative, the Revd Joseph Simpson. On his father's death in November 1808, he left school to help his mother run the family business. An early acquaintance with the wood-engraver ...

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Joshua Alder (1792–1867) by Maull & Polyblank, 1855 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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O. J. R. Howarth

revised by Mark Pottle

Alexander, Boyd (1873–1910), traveller and ornithologist, born at Willesley Place, Cranbrook, Kent, on 16 January 1873, was a twin son (with Robert Alexander) of Colonel Boyd Francis Alexander, of an Ayrshire family, and his wife, Mary Wilson. After education at Radley College...

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Allen, Edgar Johnson (1866–1942), marine zoologist and scientific administrator, was born on 6 April 1866 at 6 Havelock Terrace, Preston, Lancashire, the son of the Revd Richard Allen, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Emma Johnson, daughter of a Bideford shipbuilder. They had three daughters and five sons, of whom ...

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Alston, Edward Richard (1845–1881), zoologist, was born at Stockbriggs House, near Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, on 1 December 1845, the fifth son of Mr J. W. Alston of Stockbriggs, a wealthy merchant of Glasgow. A delicate child, probably suffering from early tuberculosis, he was educated at home. From his earliest years he was keenly interested in natural history, and kept tame animals at the family's country home at ...

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Anderson, John (1833–1900), zoologist and ethnologist, was born on 4 October 1833 in Edinburgh, the second son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His elder brother Thomas Anderson (1832–1870) was superintendent of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta...

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Angas, George French (1822–1886), artist and zoologist, born on 25 April 1822 in Newcastle upon Tyne, was the eldest son of George Fife Angas (1789–1879) and his wife, Rosetta French (1796–1867), who had three sons and four daughters. When he was a child his family moved to ...

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Armstrong, Edward Allworthy (1900–1978), ornithologist and Church of England clergyman, was born at Corlea, Lowwood, Belfast, on 8 October 1900, the younger child and only son of Hamilton Armstrong, manufacturer's agent, and his wife, Mary Elizabeth Susan, daughter of Dr Samuel W. Allworthy...

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Auerbach, Charlotte [Lotte] (1899–1994), geneticist, was born on 14 May 1899 at Krefeld, Germany, the only child of Friedrich (Fritz) Auerbach (1870–1925), public health chemist in Berlin, and his wife, Selma, née Sachs (d. 1955), daughter of a general practitioner from Jauer...