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Adams family (per. 1734–1817), makers of scientific instruments and globes, came to prominence through George Adams senior (bap. 1709, d. 1772), who was baptized on 17 April 1709 in the parish of St Bride's, Fleet Street, London, the eldest surviving son of ...

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Adie, Alexander James (1775–1858), maker of scientific instruments, was born on 7 January 1775, and baptized at Greyfriars parish church, Edinburgh, the posthumous second son of John Adie and his wife, Elizabeth, née Miller. His father was a printer, one of the proprietors of the ...

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Adie, John (1805–1857), maker of scientific instruments, was born on 27 September 1805 in Edinburgh, the eldest of four sons of Alexander James Adie (1775–1858), scientific instrument maker, and his wife, Marion, née Ritchie. Although his early years remain obscure, it can be assumed that he served his apprenticeship in ...

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Bate, Robert Brettell (1782–1847), maker of scientific instruments, was born in Old Swinford, Worcestershire, on 27 February 1782, the third of four sons of Overs Bate, mercer and banker of Old Swinford, and his wife, Susannah Brettell. Both his parents came from prosperous merchant and landowning families. No record of his schooling or any apprenticeship has been found, but by 1804 he was in ...

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John Bird (1709–1776) by Valentine Green, pubd 1776 (after Lewis) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bird, John (1709–1776), maker of scientific instruments, was born in December 1709 in Bishop Auckland, co. Durham, and baptized at St Andrew's Church there on the 27th, the son of John Bird (b. 1687) and his wife, Dorothy, née Nelson. She died at or soon after his birth and was buried in the same church on the day of his baptism. A commonly cited account of ...

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Browning, John (1830/31–1925), scientific instrument maker, was born in Kent, the son of William Browning (d. 1862) and his wife, Susan. William Browning conducted an instrument-making business at 111 Minories, London, which his son later claimed had been established as early as 1765. It has been suggested that this was the shop ...

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Cary, William (1759–1825), maker of scientific instruments, was born on 6 June 1759, the fourth and youngest son of George Cary, maltster, of Corsley, Wiltshire, and his wife, Mary (d. 1799). He was apprenticed to the noted instrument maker Jesse Ramsden, probably from 1773 until 1780, though no record of this has been traced. He married ...

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Casartelli, Joseph Louis [formerly Giuseppe Luigi] (1822–1900), maker of scientific instruments, was born in Tavernerio near Lake Como, northern Italy, on 9 September 1822, the eldest of the twelve children of Giovanni Battista Francesco Stefano Casartelli (1798–1872), farmer, and his second wife, ...