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Adams family (per. 1734–1817), makers of scientific instruments and globes, came to prominence through George Adams senior (bap. 1709, d. 1772), who was baptized on 17 April 1709 in the parish of St Bride's, Fleet Street, London, the eldest surviving son of ...

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Adie, Alexander James (1775–1858), maker of scientific instruments, was born on 7 January 1775, and baptized at Greyfriars parish church, Edinburgh, the posthumous second son of John Adie and his wife, Elizabeth, née Miller. His father was a printer, one of the proprietors of the ...

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Adie, John (1805–1857), maker of scientific instruments, was born on 27 September 1805 in Edinburgh, the eldest of four sons of Alexander James Adie (1775–1858), scientific instrument maker, and his wife, Marion, née Ritchie. Although his early years remain obscure, it can be assumed that he served his apprenticeship in ...

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Allen, Elias (c. 1588–1653), maker of mathematical instruments, was born near Tonbridge, Kent, probably in Ashurst, of unknown parentage. Apprenticed in 1602 to London instrument maker Charles Whitwell in the Grocers' Company, he served his master for nine years. Following Whitwell's death in 1611, ...

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Arnold, John (1735/6–1799), watch and chronometer maker, was the son of John Arnold (1702–1776), clockmaker, of Bodmin, Cornwall. He was apprenticed to his father and probably worked briefly for his uncle William Arnold, a gunsmith, before going to the Netherlands about 1755. There he improved his knowledge of clockmaking and learned German, a language which later proved useful to him in the Hanoverian court. He returned to ...

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John Arnold (1735/66–1799) by Susan Esther Reid (after Robert Davy) Heritage Images Partnership

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Atkins, Samuel Elliott (1807–1898), chronometer maker and politician, was born on 13 April 1807 at Clement's Lane, off Lombard Street in the City of London, the son of George Atkins, chronometer maker, and his wife, Theodosia Mary. He attended the Merchant Taylors' School...