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Biffen, Sir Rowland Harry (1874–1949), geneticist and agricultural botanist, was born on 28 May 1874 at Cheltenham, the eldest of the family of two boys and three girls of Henry John Biffen, headmaster of the Christ Church higher grade school at Cheltenham, and his wife, ...

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Bunting, Arthur Hugh (1917–2002), crop scientist, was born on 7 September 1917 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Sidney Percival Bunting (1873–1936), solicitor, and his wife, Rebecca, née Notlowitz, a Jewish émigrée from Russia. His great-great-grandfather was ...

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Engledow, Sir Frank Leonard (1890–1985), plant scientist and agriculturist, was born on 20 August 1890 at Dartford, Kent, the fifth and youngest child of Henry Engledow of Norfolk, and Elizabeth Prentice from Essex. Henry Engledow was police station sergeant at Bexleyheath, Kent, and on retirement became agent to a brewery. ...

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Farrer, William James (1845–1906), wheat breeder, was born on 3 April 1845 at Docker, near Kendal, Westmorland, the first of the four children of Thomas Farrer, tenant farmer, and his wife, Sarah (d. 1853), daughter of John Brunskill. He was educated at ...

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Harland, Sydney Cross (1891–1982), agricultural botanist and geneticist, was born on 19 June 1891 at Snainton, near Scarborough, the son of Erasmus Harland and his wife, Eliza. He was educated at the municipal secondary school in Scarborough and at King's College, London, where he graduated in 1912 with honours in geology. He then took a job as a schoolmaster in the Danish colony of ...

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Hutchinson, Sir Joseph Burtt (1902–1988), geneticist and agriculturist, was born on 21 March 1902 in Burton Latimer, Northamptonshire, the eldest of the three sons (there were no daughters) of Edmund Hutchinson, who farmed at Cransley Grange, near Kettering, and his wife, Lydia Mary Davy...

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Stapledon, Sir (Reginald) George (1882–1960), grassland scientist, was born at Lakenham, Northam, Devon, on 22 September 1882. He was the sixth of seven children of William Stapledon, master mariner and shipping agent, and his second wife, Mary, daughter of William Clibbert, shipbuilder. He also had three half siblings. He was profoundly influenced by his mother's reverence for nature, but uninspired by his time at the ...

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Sir (Reginald) George Stapledon (1882–1960) by Walter Stoneman, 1940 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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H. G. Champion

revised by David E. Evans

Troup, Robert Scott (1874–1939), forestry scientist, was born at Neithrop, near Banbury, Oxfordshire, on 13 December 1874, the second son of James Troup, consul-general at Yokohama, and his wife, Hannah Scott. Educated at the Gymnasium, Grammar School, and University of Aberdeen, he entered the ...