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Audus, Leslie John (1911–2011), botanist and plant physiologist, was born on 9 December 1911 in Beck Road, Isleham, Cambridgeshire, the only child of Robert Audus (1886–1953), journeyman carpenter, and his wife, Hannah Lavinia, née Curtis (1887–1973), dressmaker and seamstress. He was educated at ...

Article

G. E. Briggs

revised by Paolo Palladino

Blackman, Frederick Frost (1866–1947), plant physiologist, was born at Lambeth, London, on 25 July 1866, the eldest son and third child of Frederick Blackman, surgeon, and his wife, Catherine Elizabeth Frost. Interested in plants from an early age, he started a herbarium during his schooldays at ...

Article

Blackman, Vernon Herbert (1872–1967), cytologist and plant physiologist, was born on 8 January 1872 at 4 York Road, Lambeth, London. He was the sixth child and third son in a family of ten. His father, Frederick Blackman, was a medical practitioner, and his mother, ...

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Vernon Herbert Blackman (1872–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gregory, Frederick Gugenheim [formerly Fritz Gugenheim] (1893–1961), plant physiologist, was born at 236 Tufnell Park Road, Upper Holloway, London, on 22 December 1893. Fritz was the fourth of the eight children of Carl Gugenheim, a manufacturing jeweller, and Laura Maison. His father was a Jewish expatriate from ...

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Frederick Gugenheim Gregory (1893–1961) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

A. R. Clapham

revised by Peter Osborne

James, William Owen (1900–1978), plant physiologist, was born on 21 May 1900 at Tottenham, Middlesex, the elder son (there were no daughters) of William Benjamin James (1866–1939), primary school headmaster, of Tottenham, and his wife, Agnes Ursula Collins (1869–1931). He attended Tottenham grammar school...

Article

Knight, Thomas Andrew (1759–1838), horticulturist and plant physiologist, was born on 12 August 1759 at Wormsley Grange, near Ludlow, Herefordshire, the younger son of Thomas Knight (1697–1764), non-resident rector of Ribbesford and Bewdley, Worcestershire, and Ursula Nash (1715–1798) of Bitterley, Shropshire. His father was very wealthy, having inherited a substantial income and land from the mining activities of ...

Article

D. J. Mabberley and David E. Evans

Stiles, Walter (1886–1966), plant physiologist, was born on 23 August 1886 at Shepherd's Bush, London, the elder child and only son of Walter Stiles (1861–1938), wood carver and architectural modeller, and his wife, Elizabeth Sarah Dury (1859–1943). Both parents were Londoners. Stiles was educated at ...

Article

Thomas, Meirion (1894–1977), plant physiologist, was born at 2 Menai Terrace, Bangor, Caernarvonshire, on 28 December 1894, the only son and youngest of the three children of John Thomas (1834–1901), vice-principal of Bangor Normal College, and his wife, Catherine Anne (d. 1937)...