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Abbot, Charles (1761–1817), botanist and entomologist, was born on 24 March 1761. He was educated at Winchester College and matriculated at New College, Oxford, in 1779, gaining his BA in 1783. He was a fellow of the college between 1781 and 1788, was awarded his MA in 1787, and his DD in 1802. He held the life-appointment of usher at ...

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Adam, Robert Moyes (1885–1967), photographer and botanist, was born on 1 January 1885 at the Evangelical Union manse, Carluke, Lanarkshire, Scotland, the son of John Adam (1841–c.1916), minister in the Evangelical Union church, and Isabella Adam (née Moyes). He was to become a botanist at the ...

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Ainsworth, Geoffrey Clough (1905–1998), mycologist, was born at 26 South Street, Handsworth, Birmingham, on 9 October 1905, the only son of Percy Clough Ainsworth, Wesleyan minister, and his wife, Gertrude (née Fisk). Like many ministers' families they moved around the country, and ...

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Allman, William (1776–1846), botanist, was born on 7 February 1776 at Kingston, Jamaica, the son of Thomas Allman. His mother was a native of Waterford, Ireland. Before William was four his parents returned to Ireland, and he was educated in Waterford. In 1792 he entered ...

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Alston, Charles (1685–1760), physician and botanist, was born on 24 October 1685 at Eddlewood, in the parish of Hamilton, Lanarkshire, the third son of Thomas Alston (d. 1703), a physician of Thrinacre Milne and Eddlewood. According to family tradition his paternal ancestors came from ...

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Anderson, Alexander (1748?–1811), botanist, was born in Scotland of unknown parents and attended Edinburgh University but did not graduate, later working at the Physic Garden at Chelsea under William Forsyth. In December 1774 he joined his brother in New York and served both there and in ...

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James Britten

revised by Ray Desmond

Anderson, Thomas (1832–1870), botanist, was born in Edinburgh on 26 February 1832, the eldest son of Thomas Anderson, secretary of the National Bank of Scotland, and his wife, Jane Cleghorn. His younger brother was the zoologist John Anderson (1833–1900). He was educated at the ...

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Arber [née Robertson], Agnes (1879–1960), botanist, was born at 26 Regent's Park Road, London, on 23 February 1879, the eldest child of Henry Robert Robertson (1839–1921), an artist, and Agnes Lucy Turner, a descendant of Robert Chamberlain (d. 1798), ceramicist, of ...

Article

James Britten

revised by Richard Drayton

Arnott, George Arnott Walker (1799–1868), botanist, was born at Edinburgh on 6 February 1799, the son of David Walker Arnott. He spent his early years at Edenshead and Arlary, on the borders of Fife and Kinross. In 1807 he went to Edinburgh high school...

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Ashby, Eric, Baron Ashby (1904–1992), botanist and university administrator, was born on 24 August 1904 at 12 Fairlop Road, north Leyton, London, the eldest of three sons of Herbert Charles Ashby, commercial clerk (and later accountant), and his wife, Helëna Maria, née Chater...