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Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995), applied mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 19 October 1910 in Lahore, India, the eldest of four sons and third of the ten children of C. Subrahmanyan Ayyar (1885–1960), assistant auditor to the Northwest Railways, and his wife, Sitalaksmi (1891–1931)...

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Thomas George Cowling (1906–1990) by Walter Bird © Royal Astronomical Society Library

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Cowling, Thomas George (1906–1990), mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 17 June 1906 at 3 Harrogate Road, South Hackney, London, the second of the four sons of George Cowling, Post Office engineer, and Edith Eliza Cowling, née Nicholls. Cowling was educated at Sir George Monoux Grammar School, Walthamstow...

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Eddington, Sir Arthur Stanley (1882–1944), theoretical physicist and astrophysicist, was born on 28 December 1882 in Kendal, Westmorland, the second child of Arthur Henry Eddington (d. 1884) and his wife, Sarah Ann Shout of Darlington, whose family was of Dutch origin. Both came from traditional Quaker families. His father, a ...

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Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington (1882–1944) by Elliott & Fry, 1942 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Herbert Dingle

revised by A. J. Meadows

Fowler, Alfred (1868–1940), astrophysicist, was born at Wilsden, Yorkshire, on 22 March 1868, the eighth and youngest child, and seventh son, of Hiram Fowler and his wife, Eliza Hill. About 1876, after the mill at which his father worked was burned down, the family moved to ...

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Gold, Thomas [Tommy] (1920–2004), astrophysicist, was born on 22 May 1920 in Vienna, Austria, the son of Max Gold, a wealthy industrialist and a director of Austria's largest mining company, and his wife, Josefine, née Martin, a former child actress. His early childhood was spent in a privileged environment, and it seemed natural that he would follow his father into business. However, the steep economic downturn in ...

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Thomas Gold (1920–2004) by unknown photographer, 1968 Cornell University, Office of Visual Services; courtesy of the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library

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Kahn, Franz Daniel (1926–1998), astrophysicist and mathematician, was born on 13 May 1926 in Nuremberg, Germany, the only son and the younger child of Siegfried Kahn (1894–1967), a company director, and his wife, Grete, née Mann (1896–1980). His parents were German Jews; his father was a successful manufacturer of children's toys. In 1938 the family moved to ...

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McCrea, Sir William Hunter [Bill] (1904–1999), astrophysicist, was born on 13 December 1904 in Dublin, the elder son and eldest child of Robert Hunter McCrea (1877–1956), a schoolmaster, and his wife, Margaret, née Hutton (1879–1962). His parents, of Irish stock, were strict nonconformists, but by the age of eighteen he had become a confirmed Anglican, a faith he retained all his life. By 1907 the family had moved to ...