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Adams, Sir John Bertram (1920–1984), physicist and scientific administrator, was born on 24 May 1920 at 105 Canbury Park Road, Kingston, Surrey, the only son and younger child of John Albert Adams (c.1890–c.1964) and his wife, Sarah Ethel Emily Searles (1890–...

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Allen, (Herbert) Stanley (1873–1954), physicist, was born at Turf Street, Bodmin, Cornwall, on 29 December 1873, the fifth son of Richard Allen, Wesleyan minister in Bodmin, and his wife, Emma Johnson. In 1886 he went to Kingswood School, Bath, where he gained several scholarships and became senior prefect. In 1893 he entered ...

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Allen, John Frank [Jack] (1908–2001), physicist, was born in Winnipeg, Canada, on 6 May 1908, the elder of two sons and the second of three children of Frank Allen (1874–1965), a physicist, and his wife, Sarah Estelle Harper (d. 1915). John, or Jack...

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Allen, Norman Percy (1903–1972), metallurgist, was born in Wrexham, north Wales, on 5 June 1903, the fifth of ten children, seven girls and three boys, of Sidney Edward Allen, an accountant in the borough treasurer's department at Wrexham, and his wife, Emily Eliza Davis...

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Allibone, Thomas Edward [Ted] (1903–2003), physicist and electrical engineer, was born on 11 November 1903 at 10 Melbourne Road, Nether Hallam, Sheffield, the son of Henry James Allibone, schoolteacher, and his wife, Eliza, née Kidger, a farmer's daughter. He was educated at the ...

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Thomas Edward Allibone (1903–2003) by Elliott & Fry, 1958 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Andrade, Edward Neville da Costa (1887–1971), physicist, was born on 27 December 1887, in London, the second child in the family of four sons and one daughter of Henry da Costa Andrade, solicitor, and his wife, Amy Eliza Davis. In 1897 he went to ...

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Andrews, Thomas (1847–1907), metallurgist and ironmaster, was born at 19 Carver Street, Sheffield, on 16 February 1847, the only son of Thomas Andrews and his wife, Mary Bolsover. Thomas Andrews senior was a partner in the Wortley ironworks and the Wortley Silkstone colliery...

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J. A. Ratcliffe

revised by Roger Hutchins

Appleton, Sir Edward Victor (1892–1965), physicist, was born in Maperton Road, Bradford, Yorkshire, on 6 September 1892, the eldest child of Peter Appleton, of Eccleshill, Bradford, a warehouse clerk on the staff of Charles Senior & Co., and his wife, Mary Wilcock.

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Sir Edward Victor Appleton (1892–1965) by Howard Coster, 1940s © National Portrait Gallery, London