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Adams, (John) Frank (1930–1989), mathematician, was born on 5 November 1930 in Woolwich, London, the elder son (there were no daughters) of William Frank Adams, civil engineer, and his wife, Jean Mary Baines, biologist, both of London. He was educated at Bedford School...

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Adrain, Robert (1775–1843), mathematician and university teacher, was born on 30 September 1775 in Carrickfergus, Ireland, the eldest of five children. His father, a teacher and maker of mathematical instruments, had emigrated from France, and his mother was of Scottish descent. Both of ...

Article

J. M. Whittaker

revised by Anita McConnell

Aitken, Alexander Craig (1895–1967), mathematician, was born at Dunedin, New Zealand, on 1 April 1895, the eldest of the seven children of William Aitken and his wife, Elizabeth Towers. His grandfather Alexander Aitken had emigrated from Lanarkshire to Otago in 1868 and farmed in the neighbourhood of ...

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Alexander Craig Aitken (1895–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1945 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Allen, Thomas (1540?–1632), mathematician and antiquary, was probably born on 21 December 1540 (though some sources suggest 1542) at Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of William Allen. His family were local gentry who are known to have had Roman Catholic connections. Two of his four uncles also lived at ...

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Allestree, Richard (b. before 1582, d. c. 1643), almanac maker and mathematician, was a younger son of William Allestree (b. before 1520, d. 1581) and his wife, Ellen. The family lived at Alvaston and Derby. Richard was an uncle of the famous royalist divine ...

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Robert Steele

revised by Anita McConnell

Allman, George Johnston (1824–1904), mathematician, was born on 28 September 1824 at Dublin. He was a younger son of William Allman MD (1776–1846), professor of botany in Trinity College, Dublin, and his wife, Anne (d. 1831). He entered Trinity College and after a distinguished career graduated in 1844 as senior moderator and gold medallist in mathematics with ...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Anita McConnell

Anderson, Alexander (b. 1581/2?, d. after 1621), mathematician, was the son of Gilbert Anderson (d. 1598), merchant, and great-uncle of the renowned mathematician James Gregory (1638–1675). His date of birth is assumed from an engraving of 1617 which depicts him as aged thirty-five. ...

Article

A. M. Clerke

revised by Ruth Wallis

Anderson, George (fl. 1731–1740), mathematician, is first known from three answers and a question in the Ladies' Diary for 1731, and three more answers in 1732. He next appears writing eight letters (1736–40) to William Jones FRS (1675–1749). Together they show his familiarity with the works of ...

Article

Anderson, Robert (fl. 1666–1696), mathematician, whose ancestry, date of birth, and early years are unknown, was by the 1660s a London weaver, at which time he was described by John Collins, mathematician and government clerk, as 'a reserved person … very able in algebra and solid geometry'. ...