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Allen, Edgar Johnson (1866–1942), marine zoologist and scientific administrator, was born on 6 April 1866 at 6 Havelock Terrace, Preston, Lancashire, the son of the Revd Richard Allen, a Wesleyan Methodist minister, and his wife, Emma Johnson, daughter of a Bideford shipbuilder. They had three daughters and five sons, of whom ...

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See Ball, Robert

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Barrett, Lucas (1837–1862), geologist and oceanographer, was born on 14 November 1837, the eldest son of George Barrett, a London iron-founder. In 1847 he was sent to Mr P. Ashton's school in Royston, Hertfordshire, where he collected fossils from the local chalk pits as a hobby. Four years later he transferred to ...

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Berkeley [formerly Bergtheil; née Dunington], Edith (1875–1963), marine biologist, was born on 1 September 1875 in Tulbagh, Cape of Good Hope, the older daughter of Alfred Dunington, civil engineer, and his wife, Martha Treglohan (c.1837–c.1927). Having spent her early childhood abroad, and having had private tutors in the ...

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Bidder, George Parker (1863–1953), marine biologist, was born on 21 May 1863 in Kensington, London, the elder son of George Parker Bidder QC (1836–1896), of Lincoln's Inn, amateur astronomer and cryptographer, and his wife, Anna, second daughter of John Robinson McClean, civil engineer and MP. ...

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Buchanan, John Young (1844–1925), chemist and oceanographer, was born at Dowanhill, Glasgow, on 20 February 1844, the son of John Buchanan of Dowanhill (1807–1876), a merchant, and his wife, Jane (d. 1899), the daughter of John Young of Rowmore, Dunbartonshire. Both his parents came from prosperous ...

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Bullard, Sir Edward Crisp (1907–1980), marine geophysicist, was born on 21 September 1907 at 1 Heigham Grove, Earlham Road, Heigham, Norwich, the only son and eldest of four children, of whom the last were twins, of Edward John Bullard (1875–1950), a Norwich brewer, and his wife, ...

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Charnock, Henry (1920–1997), meteorologist and marine scientist, was born on 25 December 1920 in Blackburn, Lancashire, the only son and elder child of Henry Charnock (1892–1946), a clerk in an engineering works, and his wife, Mary Gray, née McLeod (1894–1981). His father was of ...

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Henry Charnock (1920–1997) by Godfrey Argent Camera Press, London

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Cushing, David Henry (1920–2008), marine ecologist, was born on 14 March 1920 at 10 Prudhoe Street, Alnwick, Northumberland, the son of William Ewart Wittrick Cushing (1891–1980), schoolmaster, and his wife, Isobel, née Batchelder (1892–1988). He attended Duke's School, Alnwick, and the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle upon Tyne...