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Blacker, Carlos Paton (1895–1975), psychiatrist and eugenicist, was born on 8 December 1895 in Paris, the elder of the two sons of Carlos Blacker and Caroline Frost. His father, a gentleman of independent means, was descended on his maternal side from a prominent Peruvian political family, and one of ...

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Burt, Sir Cyril Lodowic (1883–1971), psychometric psychologist and eugenicist, was born in London on 3 March 1883, first child of Cyril Cecil Barrow Burt (b. 1857), a medical practitioner, and Martha Evans of Monmouth. His younger sister, Marion Burt (1891–1978), became a doctor like her father. From 1893 to 1923 the family lived at ...

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Crackanthorpe [formerly Cookson], Montague Hughes (1832–1913), barrister and eugenicist, was born on 24 February 1832, the sixth son of Christopher Cookson (1791–1834), a cousin of William Wordsworth, of Nowers, near Wellington, Somerset, and Jane (d. 1871), daughter of John Strother Ancrum...

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Darwin, Leonard (1850–1943), scientist and eugenicist, was born on 15 January 1850 at Down House, Downe, Kent, the fourth son and eighth child of Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882) and his wife, Emma Darwin, née Wedgwood (1808–1896). He was educated privately and at Clapham grammar school...

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Galton, Sir Francis (1822–1911), biostatistician, human geneticist, and eugenicist, was born in Birmingham on 16 February 1822, the youngest of the seven children of Samuel Tertius Galton (1783–1844), a very successful banker, and his wife, Frances Anne Violetta Darwin (1783–1874), one of the many daughters of ...

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Sir Francis Galton (1822–1911) by Eveleen Myers, 1890s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pearson, Karl [formerly Carl] (1857–1936), statistician and eugenicist, was born at 14 Albion Road, Holloway Road, Islington, London, on 27 March 1857, the second of three children of William Pearson (d. 1907), a barrister of the Inner Temple, and his wife, ...

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Karl Pearson (1857–1936) by unknown photographer, 1910 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Saleeby, Caleb Williams Elijah (1878–1940), writer and eugenist, was born on 3 May 1878 at 1 Bedford Row, Worthing, Sussex, the only son of Elijah George Saleeby, the founder of the Mount Lebanon schools, and his wife, Frances Maria, daughter of the pioneering alienist ...

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Caleb Williams Elijah Saleeby (1878–1940) by Lafayette, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London