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Beale, Geoffrey Herbert (1913–2009), geneticist, was born on 11 June 1913 at 52 Wimbledon Park Road, Wandsworth, London, one of four children of Herbert Walter Beale (1874–1958), commercial traveller, and his wife, Elsie, née Beaton (1888–1970). After the family moved to Wallington, Surrey...

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Bell, Julia (1879–1979), geneticist, was born on 28 January 1879 at Sherwood, Nottinghamshire. She was tenth of the fourteen children of James Bell, printer, and Katherine Thomas Heap. She was educated at Nottingham Girls' High School and in 1898 entered Girton College, Cambridge...

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Blacker, Carlos Paton (1895–1975), psychiatrist and eugenicist, was born on 8 December 1895 in Paris, the elder of the two sons of Carlos Blacker and Caroline Frost. His father, a gentleman of independent means, was descended on his maternal side from a prominent Peruvian political family, and one of ...

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Burt, Sir Cyril Lodowic (1883–1971), psychometric psychologist and eugenicist, was born in London on 3 March 1883, first child of Cyril Cecil Barrow Burt (b. 1857), a medical practitioner, and Martha Evans of Monmouth. His younger sister, Marion Burt (1891–1978), became a doctor like her father. From 1893 to 1923 the family lived at ...

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Crackanthorpe [formerly Cookson], Montague Hughes (1832–1913), barrister and eugenicist, was born on 24 February 1832, the sixth son of Christopher Cookson (1791–1834), a cousin of William Wordsworth, of Nowers, near Wellington, Somerset, and Jane (d. 1871), daughter of John Strother Ancrum...

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Darlington, Cyril Dean (1903–1981), cytogeneticist and evolutionist, was born on 19 December 1903 in Chorley, Lancashire, the younger son (there were no daughters) of William Henry Robertson Darlington (1866–1943), a schoolmaster, and his wife, Ellen Frankland (b. 1874). He attended Heathside elementary school...

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Darwin, Leonard (1850–1943), scientist and eugenicist, was born on 15 January 1850 at Down House, Downe, Kent, the fourth son and eighth child of Charles Robert Darwin (1809–1882) and his wife, Emma Darwin, née Wedgwood (1808–1896). He was educated privately and at Clapham grammar school...

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Edwards, John Hilton (1928–2007), human geneticist, was born on 26 March 1928 at Ingleborough Lodge, Dulwich, London, the elder son of Harold Clifford Edwards (1899–1989), consulting surgeon at King's College Hospital, London, and his wife, Ida Margaret Atkinson, née Phillips (1900–1981). His younger brother, ...

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Fisher, Sir Ronald Aylmer (1890–1962), statistician and geneticist, was born on 17 February 1890 at his parents' home in East Finchley, Middlesex, the last of seven surviving children born to George Fisher (1843–1920), a dealer in fine arts, and his wife, Katie (1855–1904)...

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Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890–1962) by Elliott & Fry © National Portrait Gallery, London